Some useful links 


E-libraries, e-books, e-texts

Academic fora

news, information, press


news services, newspapers, politics

Encyclopaedias, statistical data, general resources

Press organisations

Human rights

Humanitarian aid


Biology and Zoology for Orientalists





Military conflicts / wars, US war crimes, antinuclear

Finance, economy

Business protocole in the world

World population

US war crimes


Languages,texts,  literature, fonts etc.

Dictionaries online

Greek literature and resources , including philosophy

Oriental text resources


German institutes of Indology


Linguistics - resources

Resources on Asian and African countries


Indian economy and statistics






Southeast Asia


Central Asia and Caucasus in general






Uzbekistan „black list”

East Turkenstan



Middle East / Arab


Syria / Lebanon

Israel / Judaism


Morocco / Maghreb







Philosophy & religious studies, e-texts

General resources




Oriental art collections, Architecture

Bahá'í Faith (Bahaism)

Time, calendar, holidays

Useful travel links

Cheap flights

Travel hints

Currency converters


Environment, polution, traffic




Information on Hamburg

Information on Warsaw


Opera, Music

Films data base and cinematography


Spanish links

Cooking - Cookbooks

Phonecalls via the Internet

Mental health resources











These are the links which I sometimes happen to use myself, hence this is just a selection.


Booksellers: (Academic Info Bookstore) (South Asia booksellers) (booksellers: new, second-hand) (booksellers: new, second-hand) (booksellers: new, secondhand) (booksellers: new, secondhand) (worldwide marketplace for Used Books) (Zentrales Verzeichnis Antiquarischer Bücher) (Vedams Books:

                                comprehensive annotated catalogue of books published in India) (Indological booksellers: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers) (Indological publishers) (Indological books: Munishiram Manoharlal Publishers) (The INDOLOGY Bookshop) (Books on Indology

                                                        in the series Geisteskultur Indiens) (Oxford University Press) (Indological books: Hindi Granth Karyalay – recommended!) (Kluwer Academic Publishers) (booksellers) (books on Islam, Arab countries) (booksellers: International League of Antiquarian Booksellers) (booksearch and marketplace) (ANTIQBOOK - independent booksellers) (Massolit Books - bookstore in Kraków, Poland) (PostScript - Quality books at reduced prices) (Gorgias Press - books on Middle East, Islamic and Biblical Studies)



E-libraries, e-books, e-texts: (The Internet Archive - a digital library of

                                    Internet sites and other cultural artefacts in digital form - recommended!) (Scribd - open library of documents / Put your documents online, downloadable publications - recommended) (downloadable books) (downloadable books) (downloadable books) (downloadable books) (downloadable books) (downloadable books) (Free Art Books from The Metropolitan Museum of Art) (Gutenberg - E-texts - recommended) (Open Access Publication Platform - e-books on Asia) ( - die größte deutschsprachige Volltextbibliothek - ZENO - the largest German Library of texts) (Open Library - e-Books and e-texts) (e-Books of Princeton University Press, limited access and samples) (ibiblio: the public's library and digital archive; various links to sciences,

                                    religions, philosophy, art, geography etc.) (eScholarship Editions - a collection of almost 2000 books from academic presses

                                        on a range of topics, including art, science, history, music, religion, and fiction) (Bibliotheca Polyglotta - a number of Oriental texts, including:

                                                       Library of Arabic texts; Bibliotheca Polyglotta Graeca et Latina;

                                                       Library Sanskrit-Persica with literature translated from Sanskrit into Persian and from Persian into other languages;

                                                       The Ashoka Library, including Asoka inscriptions; Thesaurus Literaturae Buddhicae with terms in Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, English, etc.) (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München -

                                    - digitised manuscripts: Mediaeval and modern, Western and Oriental,

                                    encyclopaedias, resources, newspapers etc. / Digitalisierte Handschriften,

                                    Nachschlagewerke und Enzyklopädien, Quelleneditionen und -sammlungen, Zeitschriften) (Codices Electronici Sangallenses (CESG) – Virtuelle Bibliothek:

                                    St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek - mostly mediaeval Christian manuscripts - fascimiles) (The Schoyen Collection - manuscripts and scripts) (Library of mostly French authors:

                                    Conservatoire numérique des Arts et métiers dans Gallica - scanned texts) (Cornell University Library Historical Monographs - scanned texts) (MetaLibri Digital Library) (Universalis - l'encyclopédie & E-library in French) (e-library and resources of Social Sciences - Classiques des sciences sociales) ("Black Mask" - free eBook source) ("Gutenberg" - free eBook source) (University of Pennsylvania e-text library) (Google full text of books online) (Google full text of books online: search) (The ACM Digital Library) (Microsoft Libra - Academic Search) (PDF e-books) (PDF e-books) (Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset (MCADD) - a collection of books, journals and maps related to the Himalayas,

                                    South Asia, the Hindu Kush, the Karakorams, the Pamirs etc.; scans of rare academic journals etc. - recommended) (books online) (books online) (e-texts: Blackwell Synergy: over 1 million articles from over 850 journals  -

                                    - mainly for subscribers) (e-texts, e-books: QUESTIA online library - mainly for subscribers) (Book reader) (Online library of philosophical

                                    and religious texts - in Polish / Religie i filozofie - biblioteka i linki) (Library Research: search for documents from Newspapers,

                                    Magazines, Journals, Transcripts and Books, Images and Maps,

                                    references from Dictionaries and Almanacs) (Library search: search for documents, articles etc.) (sorting-out tool / search engine for websites)


Academic / Humanists’ fora (Asian subgroup): (Humanities and Social Sciences: academic site with links) (World Association of International Studies:

                                    political, economic and religious discussion forum of academics)







Miscellaneous: (News & Periodical Resources on the Web) (Mapping Asia - a tool to improve access to UK library holdings

                                    for researchers working in all subject areas of the humanities

                                    and social sciences relating to Asia, the Middle East and North Africa) (Science news) (“Who’s Who”, intelligence aggregator) (Moving Planets: information on the solar system

                                        (planets, stars, satellites), on the world

                                        (animals, continents, countries, oceans), etc.) (Nazewnictwo geograficzne œwiata - Komisja Standaryzacji Nazw Geograficznych:

                                standards of Geographical names and terminology in Polish) (Komisja Standaryzacji Nazw Geograficznych poza Granicami Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej -

                                    - Commission on Standardization of Geographical Names Outside the Republic of Poland (KSNG))


News services, Newspapers, Politics (general): (Asia Times) (Inter Press Service - news on Global Affairs) (TV News online, including Al Jazeera) (BBC news) (world news - more indepth reporting) (International Crisis Group - on conflict prevention; conflicts facts and analysis) (Human Terrain System - run by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command -

                                         how US army misuses anthropology and Oriental studies) (The Network of Concerned Anthropologists (NCA) -

                                        an independent ad hoc network of anthropologists seeking to promote an ethical anthropology)  (Center for International Development and Conflict Management), (Transitions Online) (Institute for War and Peace Reporting IWPR) (IWPR subscription form) (The International Crisis Group, Central Asia) (UN reports: UN Office for Coordination of Human Affairs) (UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons) (PINR: Power and Interest News Report, Conflict Analysis) (Foreign Policy Association, Resource Library / news) (alternative media, independent news) (The Spectator) (Foreign Policy) (Foreign Affairs) (The Economist)  (The Guardian) (Financial Times) (The Telegraph) (The Wall Street Journal) (The Washington Post) (International Herald Tribune) (Prospect Magazine, Political and Cultural Essays and Arguments) (The Moscow Times, in English) (Inernational Crisis Group) (Specialist Group on Ethnopolitics) (Jane’s Intelligenge Digest) (Interfax News Agency) (Energy resources and oil, in Russian) (Economy, energy resources and oil, in Russian) (OPEC news: Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) (Brookings Institution in Washington) (International Institute for Strategic Studies / IISS, based in London) (International news on your local radio station - international radio news) (New Left Review - various issues on multiculturalism, economy, politics,

                                    Asian and African matters, globalization, biopolitics, society etc.) (Elections Archive - static research collection of

                                    election results for a number of countries) (Ethical Politics: intellectual discussion group around fundamental questions

                                    of radical politics, principles of justice, subjectivity, and normative and

                                    moral-psychological aspects of public political discourse) (Eurozine - a network of European cultural journals) ("Perspektywa Miêdzynarodowa" - opracowania - analizy - publicystyka - opinie -

                                                - International Perspective - an analysis of current international events - in Polish) (Asia and Pacific Journal - published in Polish)


Encyclopaedias, statistical data, general resources etc.: (Encyclopaedia of the Orient) (Encyclopedia Mythica: myths, mythology and folklore) (Myths and legends - links and resources) (Online encyclopaedia, in English) (Online encyclopaedia, in Polish) (Encyclopaedia of Polish Scientific Publishers) (Encyclopaedia Britannica Online) (reference desk: Dictionaries, Thesaurus, Almanacs) (online encyclopaedia) (Open Directory) (links to sites on Archaeology, Anthropology, & Ancient Civilizations:

                                    History, Social Studies etc.) (links to various encyclopaedias:

                            cultures, geography, history, biology, environment, economics, finance,

                            internet, mythology, philosophy, religion, social sciences) (Encyclopaedia of sciences:

                            Macrothesaurus in 4 languages: English / Français / Español / Deutsch) (United Nations Development Project) (World Bank) (internet university), (PEW Reserach Center for the People & the Press - research surveys) (World Values Survey) (WorldWide Religious News) (CIA Factbook) (World history links) (Timelines - history and detailes dates / timelines for most countries of the world - recommended) (Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century) (Death Tolls for the Man-made Megadeaths of the Twentieth Century) ("Archeology" - A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America) (independent web publishing services with the aim to promote social progress -

                                            - World History Archives on Asia & Oceania, Africa etc.) (The Social Science Research Council - online publications, essays, books) (World of Biography: biographies of famous people) (Conversion tables of area, length,

                                    temperature, volume, weight - metric and imperial) (basic information on astronomy, planets, stars,

                                    Messier objects, nebulas, galaxies) (UN World Tourism Organisaton - UNWTO World Tourism Barometer:

                                    evolution of tourism, information on tourism trends, developments etc.) (International Medical Corps - including annual reports:

                                    Mental Health Guidelines, Women's Health, Chad and Darfur, Disaster Management,

                                    Tsunami, Chemical, Biological & Radiation Threats etc.) (Rural Development Institute - fighting poverty, economy of the developing and underdeveloped world)

                                    (Index of State Weakness in the Developing World — Foreign Policy at BROOKINGS) (The Carbon Monitoring for Action - Highest CO2 Emitting Power Plants in the World) (Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress) (Global Issues - on various Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Issues in the world:

                                    Trade, Economy, & Related Issues, Geopolitics, Causes of Poverty, Free Trade and Globalization,

                                    Sustainable Development, Arms Control & Trade, Human Rights Related Issues, Racism,

                                    Biodiversity, Climate Change and Global Warming, Genetic Engineering of Food,

                                    Human Population, Natural Disasters, Health Issues etc.) (alternative news on current global issues, including: Iraq, Peak Oil, Climate Change,

                                    US Imperialism, Palestine, Communalism, Latin America, Gender/Feminism, Dalit,

                                    Globalisation, Human rights, Economy, India-Pakistan relations, Kashmir, Environment,

                                    Gujarat Pogrom, World Social Forum, Arts/Culture) (ABYZ News Links - Newspapers and News Media Guide: Index of media per country) (Millennium Development Goals Indicators) (Gender Inequality Index, GII) (Global Peace Index) (Journal of Globalization for the Common Good) (Environment Magazine, Science and Policy for Sustainable Development) (Dictionary and Encyclopaedia online - in English, although the site appears to be in Russian only.

                                        Type the searched text in English - recommended!)


Press organisations: (Reporters without Borders / Reporters sans Frontieres) (Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2005) (Press Freedom Index 2008) (Worldpress) (World Association of Newspapers)

Human rights, law: (Asian Legal Resource Centre - on law in Asia and its history,

                                    human rights, legal analysis etc.) (Human Rights Research on the Web), (Amnesty International Reports) (Irrepressible - an Amnesty International Campaign against control in the Internet) (Human Rights Watch) (Kurdish Human Rights Watch) (Womens' Human Rights Watch) (Pakistan Human Rights) (Open Asia - human rights, democratic values, women’s empowerment and justice in Asia) (Saudi Human Rights Center - in English and Arabic) (China Human Rights) (China Human Rights) (Hmong Human Rights Watch) (Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights =

                                    Helsiñska Fundacja Praw Cz³owieka, in Polish) (Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights) (migrants and asylum seekers: information, events, support) (Muslim civil rights centre) (Green Left Weekly: independent voice committed to human and civil rights) (Freedom House) (Information on human rights in Algeria) (UN on human rights) (The Human Rights Index for the Arab Countries) (Charter of

                                            Fundamental Rights of the European Union),2905 (Karta Podstawowych Praw Unii Europejskiej =

                                            = Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in Polish) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) (Trafficking in Human Beings - reports on modern slavery) (The Walk Free Foundation - aims to end modern slavery’ reports on global slavery) (2014 Global Slavery Index) (UK Human Trafficking Centre (UKHTC)) (The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset - human rights indicators over the years) (Islamic Human Rights Commission (IHRC)) (Global Hunger Index) (Human Rights in Asia) (World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems) (Who-is-Who in Rechtsphilosophie: Übersicht zu den verschiedenen

                                            rechtsphilosophischen Lehrstühlen - Who is Who in philosophy of law / jurisprudence)


Humanitarian aid & Development cooperation: (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) (Afghan Aid) (Afghan Women’s Mission) (CARE) (International Committee of the Red Cross) (Save the Children) (Swedish Committee for Afghanistan) (UNHCR = UN High Commissioner for Refugees) (U.N. Center for Human Settlements) (Millennium Challenge Corporation) (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement) (Unicef) (Disasters Emergency Committee (UK)) (World Food Programme) (UNHCR, refugees) (Kashmir International Relief Fund) (Reuters news, humanitarian aid) (US AID - famine early warning system) (Canadian Food For The Hungry International) (NGOs, volunteers’ service in Poland) (NGOs, volunteers’ service in Poland) (volunteers’ service in Poland), (Association Education for Peace - NGO working in Afghanistan etc.) (The International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI) (FAOSTAT – statistics of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:

                                FAOSTAT provides time-series and cross sectional data relating to food and agriculture for some 200 countries) (Action Aid - international anti-poverty agency - combat hunger in the world) (Relief Web -

                        - information on humanitarian projects, statistics etc. on humanitarian relief) (AidData: statistics on development cooperation; database of global aid flows and projects) (GRAIN is a small international non-profit organisation that works to support small farmers and social movements

                                        in their struggles for community-controlled and biodiversity-based food systems) (news reports about the global rush to buy up or lease farmlands abroad as a strategy to secure basic food supplies or simply for profit)


Ecology, Environmental issues, polution, traffic: (Greenpeace) (Genewatch) (Eco-Action) (Compassion in World Farming) (Earth Summit in Johannesburg: August 2002) (UK Biodiversity Website) (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - reports on climate change) (US Aid - Climate Prediction Center) (Friends of the Earth: ecology, environment) (The Climate and Development Knowledge Network, CDKN)) (Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) -

                            -on-line data on interdisciplinary research related to

                            human interactions in the environment) (alternative means of transport) (The Health Threat:

                                        Harmful Effects of Air Pollution, Accidents) (car accidents in USA) (statistics on car accidents/deaths) (Nauka o klimacie - in Polish) (Ziemia na rozdro¿u - in Polish)



Biology and Zoology for Orientalists: (Handbook of the birds of the world) (Mangoverde World Bird Guide) (Mangoverde World Bird Guide, Dragonflies & Damselflies, Butterflies:

                            a freely accessible multimedia field guide to all of the world's bird species etc.) (Birding in India and South Asia) (birds in the world) (a catalogue of tropical rare plants - detailed description with photographs) (Plant systematics - with photographs) (Plant systematics, a working list of all plant species) (Flowers of India) (A place of plants - plants database) (Digital Library - on plants, historic botanical literature) (Plant systematics, database - research site photographs) (Medicine Plant Names Service) (Pandanus - Database of Indian Plants) (polskie nazwy ptaków œwiata - Polish names of world birds)


Political Science: (Journal of Political Science Education) (Political Sciences: German, English, Polish)


Constitutions: (constitutions of various countries) (Constitution Society, links to world constitutions) (World Wide Constitutions) (World Wide Constitutions),

                                                    (The world wide constitutions) (International Constitutional Law)


Maps: (Maps collected by University Of Texas At Austin) (city maps) (maps of India) (maps of India) (Maps of India, History of India) (Historical maps of Central Asia) (Online map resource) (Online map resource) (Online map resource) (Online map resource) (interactive maps; they used to work online...)


Politics: (Political Studies Association of the United Kingdom (PSA)) (Specialist Group on Ethnopolitics) (Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights) (Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs) (politics, resources) (flags) (flags) (Council on Foreign Relations) (Open Society Institute, Soros Foundation) (site on parliamentary democracy, statistics,

                                                                                     parliamentary data base, women in parliaments) (International Institute for Strategic Studies / IISS, based in London) (Encyclopaedia of politics / basic info on countries) (Political resources / basic info on countries) (Progressive Policy Institute in Washington) (United Nations University publications and reports) (Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"), geography) (statistics on World regions and countries:

                                    richest, most populated, largest, most expensive etc.) (info on countries, encyclopaedia, resources, news) (information on countries of the world) (information on countries of the world) (Linguistic geography - The countries of the world

                                  in their local languages and scripts, with official names, capitals,

                                  flags, coats of arms, administrative divisions & subdivisions,

                                  national anthems, and translations of the country

                                  and capital names into many languages) (Nuclear Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP) explores the international history of nuclear weapons and their proliferation) (The International Center for Political Violence and Terrorism Research (ICPVTR)) (Fragile States Index)



Terrorism: (terrorism knowledge base) (Center for Defense Information: arms, terrorist organisations etc.) (The Evolution of Terrorism in 2005 - A statistical assessment) (Center for Nonproliferation Studies:

                                            Terrorism, WMD, and Emergency Preparedness, Terrorist Group Profiles) (ICT - Institute for Counter-Terrorism, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya) (Harvard University: Undermining Terrorism -

                                            - terrorist groups, reports) (This site provided by the United Nations (UN)

                                                    offers a list of persons and entities, which are affiliated to the Taliban or

                                                    Al-Qaida as established and maintained by the 1267 committee) (U.S. Department of State: Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism -

                                                    - Terrorism/Counterterrorism Worldwide)


Conflict Management, Security, military conflicts, US war crimes, antinuclear issues: (Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict) (International Relations and Security Network: Terrorism, 

                              Security Watch News Analysis, Human Rights etc. - downloadable publications) (Security and Development Policy Group) (INCORE International Conflict Research) (The Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation

                                 - a comprehensive and cumulative website resources, articles etc.

                                on conflicts and conflict resolution and conflict management) (Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation 2008) (The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) - South Asian think tank) (India thinktank - analysis of current political affairs) (International Crisis Group - on conflict prevention; conflicts facts and analysis) (Center for International Development and Conflict Management) (PINR: Power and Interest News Report, Conflict Analysis), (CNS = The Center for Nonproliferation Studies:

                                                            on the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)) (resources on the military, wars, armed conflicts) (Early Warning Project - Statistical Risk Assessment - a tool to predict mass killings) (Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)) (Global Peace Index) (Media Research Center: America’s Media Watchdog) (US military propaganda) (the Defense Threat Reduction Agency - U.S. military propaganda) (U.S. Army War College) (Antiwar webpage) (Waging Peace: Website of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation) (Nuclear Threat Initiative) (Federation of American Scientists) (Arms Control Association) (campaign against Arms Trade) (Bulletin of Atomic Scientists) (UN: Peace and Security through Disarmament) (International Atomic Energy Agency) (war in Iraq, presently blocked) (war in Iraq, presently blocked) (blog from Baghdad) (Baghdad:

                                        Mapping the violence - a map of Baghdad under US occupation) (On US terrorism, American Left) (Denfense and National Interest, USA) (American Enterprise Institute (AEI) - one more G.W. Bush-sponsored

                                        American Imperialist Propaganda paid for by ExxonMobil Oil Company) (Greenpeace site: on American Enterprise Institute (AEI) sponsored

                                        by G.W. Bush and ExxonMobil Oil Company) (Military Families Against The War, UK campaign against the war Iraq) (Stop the War Coalition; Resources; Antiwar News and Analysis) (US war crimes and human rights abuses) (US war crimes and human rights abuses) (US war crimes in Iraq) (US war crimes in Iraq) (US war crimes) (Strategic Culture Journal - military news)


Finance, economy: (finances, taxation) (The World Bank) (World Development Indicators) (International Monetary Fund)  (Penn World Table: economic

                                           comparison, data, statistics) (Stastistics and country profiles:

                                        detailed country information, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources) (statistics: massive central data source and a handy way

                                         to graphically compare nations and country profiles) (Forbes magazine)

                                        (Forbes report: The World's Billionaires) (links to economic press in Poland) (Asia - statistics) (IMF - statistics / comparison) (Transparency International - on corruption) (United Nations Office

                                        on Drugs and Crime: reports on Corruption) (Institute of International Finance) (Asian Development Bank; search for useful online publications,

                                        economics & statistics, Asian Development Outlook reports etc.) (banknote images)


Business protocole in the world: (Executive planet: Guidelines for business etiquette

                                        & traveller's culture guides) (Kwintessential - Language and Culture Specialists:

                                        tips on norms of behaviour)


World population, ethnicity, intercultural studies: (A list with description of ethnic groups of the whole world) (World Population Prospects) (world statistics: population etc.) (The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire: ethinic groups),

                                   (Will Moore's Minorities at Risk Homepage) (Native Planet - an NGO project dedicated to

                                   the self-empowerment of indigenous peoples and the preservation

                                   of world ethnic cultures; information, resources, photos, links) (European Centre for Minority Issues) (Ethnic Communities

                                                        from Around the World - alphabetic list & short description) (the Greater Hartford Branch of the National Association for

                                                    the Advancement of Coloured People - economic exploitation, racism,

                                                    sexism, drugs, crime, mediocre healthcare and education etc.) (World Missions Atlas Project - primarily on Christian expansion ("Evangelization");

                                                    contains useful data on peoples, ethnicity, languages etc.) (Joshua Project - primarily on Christian expansion ("Evangelization");

                                                    contains useful information about peoples, religions etc.) (World Cultures, countries and their cultures) (Electronic Journal of Folklore, Estonian Folklore Institute) (Minority Rights Group International:

                                                    on the rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and

                                                    indigenous peoples worldwide, reports and studies) ("the World of the Orient / The Orient in the World":

                                                    A series of lectures on the Orient, the Institute of Oriental Studies,

                                                    Warsaw University, Poland) (Institut d'Estudis Internacionals i Interculturals /

                                                    / Centro de Estudios Internacionales e Interculturales,

                                                    Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona = the Institute for International

                                                    and Intercultural Relations, Barcelona, Spain) (Mesoweb - Latin America / An Exploration of Mesoamerican Cultures:

                                                    resources, articles, publications etc. - recommended) (The Indigenous Peoples Survival Foundation (IPSF)) (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)) (Kalasha people - endangered People of Pakistan) (Kalasha people - research of Morgenstierne (1892-1975) -

                            - endangered People of Pakistan)



Globalisation: (Globalisation guide) (The International Forum on Globalization - IFG) (Centre for research on Globalization) (Globalisation Institute - liberal approach) 




Dictionaries online: (various dictionaries) (Thesaurus - Dictionary) (multiple languages) (Dictionary: English - Español - Français - Italiano - Portugues) (multiple languages: free dictionaries to download) (Dictionary and Thesaurus online - various languages) (multiple languages)

                                                                           (echo of Eurodicautom : multiple EU languages) (Eurodicautom: multiple EU languages) (Pop-Up Dictionary - a number of languages) (Worldwide Language Institute Translation Centre) (Euralex – Corpora and Dictionaries) (Translating Dictionaries) (Foreign Languages for Travellers) (Translating dictionaries) (Summer International Linguistics) ("An In-Depth Look at Language" -

                                some info on linguistics / general introduction) (English-Polish dictionary of economy expressions) (English-Polish dictionary) (English-Polish Dictionary) (Polish-English Dictionary) (Polish Dictionary of synonyms: s³ownik synonimów) (Cambridge Dictionaries Online: English dictionary, thesaurus etc.) (online British English dictionary) (Cambridge English dictionary) (dictionary of English slang and British colloquialisms

                                            used in the United Kingdom) (WordWeb: Dictionary and Thesaurus - American, British,

                                            Australian, Canadian and Asian English spellings and words) (English dictionary of rare expressions) (WordNet Home Page, English dictionary) (Free Online Thesaurus - Dictionary of Synonyms / English) (Synonym Dictionary - Dictionary of Synonyms / English)

                                            (Das Deutsche Wörterbuch von Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm) (English-German-English dictionary) (English-German-English dictionary) (English-German-English dictionary and translation) (German Dictionary of Phraseology: Udos Wörterbuch für Redensarten,

                                             Redewendungen, idiomatische Ausdrücke, feste Wortverbindungen) (German-English Dictionary) (French-English Dictionary) (Russian Dictionary) (Russian Dictionary) (Dictionary of Indian English) (Logos Dictionary - English) (Merriam-Webster's Dictionary - English) (Online Etymology Dictionary) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary (IEED)) ("The Tower of Babel" - An Etymological Database Project) (acronym finder) (verb conjugations for hundreds of languages) (multilingual glossary to native forms)

                                                (Dicionarios de Español) (Literary Encyclopaedia:

                                                references to people, works, topics and events in world literature)


Indic / Sanskrit fonts and software: (Sanskrit texts, fonts) (Indology & computers: Fonts & Keyboard Templates for Sanskrit etc.) (Doulos SIL Font Download: Fonts & Keyboard Templates for Sanskrit etc.) (Fonts & Keyboard Templates for Sanskrit etc.) (Ganakastadhyayi - A Software on Sanskrit Grammar based on Panini's Sutras) (for Mac; with characters for Tamil and Old Javanese as well, with customized keylayout file and a keyboard map here) (Learning Devanagari Script - Tutor for Hindi) (Andrew Glass’s Gandhari Unicode with the Vedic accented transliteration characters) (Devanagari Script Learning Tools - Tutor for Sanskrit) (Google Sanskrit Transliteration Tool)


Greek literature and resources, including philosophy: (Online Medieval and Classical Library) (Greek literature) (Thesaurus Linguae Graecae - Greek Dictionary) (Classical Association of South Africa) (Classics Programme on the Howard College Campus

                                              of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban) (Epicurus & Epicurean Philosophy) (Ancient texts:

                                            Greek philosophy and literature in Greek - zipped texts) (Ancient texts: Greek philosophy and literature online in the original Greek) (The Internet Classics Archive: works of classical literature: Greek and Latin texts)


Oriental text resources: (Digital South Asia Library) (The Asian Classics Input Project), (TITUS WordCruncher Server) (Terebess Asia Online - Library: Asian Gastronomy;

                                              The Beat Generation; Herbert A. Giles on China; Japanese Ceramics;

                                              Confucianism: "Analects of Confucius", "Doctrine of the Mean", Mencius,

                                              "Zi-si, The Center of Harmony", Kahlil Gibran’s "Collected Works"; Haiku;

                                              V.S. Naipaul: "Two Worlds"; Rabindranath Tagore’s poetry; Japan:

                                              The Nihongi, The Kojiki; Mahayana Buddhist Sutras; Korea;

                                              The Texts of Taoism; Zen texts, Zen Temples, Zen Masters, Zen Things) (Wielkopolska Digital Library, e.g. Koran in Polish translation) (Journals on Oriental Studies: The Cultural Association Orientalia Parthenopea,

                                                Orientalia Parthenopea Journal, Neaples, Italy) (CALLIGRAPHY - a Literature Search - bibliography of paleography in the world)


Fonts: (Fonts in Cyberspace) (Greek Fonts) (Indian fonts etc.) (Gandhari Unicode etc.) (Gandhari Unicode etc.) (Anadi Unicode + useful Sanskrit keboard)


Linguistics - resources: (A Guide to written language: alphabets, linguistics) (Ethnologue - Languages of the World - An encyclopaedic

                                                reference work cataloguing all of the world’s 6,912

                                                known living languages: Bibliography, Publications, Software (linguistics, catalogue of languages) (ALA-LC Romanization tables:

                                                Character Sets Used in Romanization / Index to Languages;

                                                the Library of Congress and the American Library Association) (the International Phonetic Association:

                                                the International Phonetic Alphabet) (Linguistics Research Center: Resources and Projects) (Ancient Scripts: A Compendium of world-wide

                                                writing systems from prehistory to today -

                                                - writing systems, phonetics, historical linguistics, journal etc.) (The LINGUIST List - online linguistic resource,

                                                information on language and language analysis) (recordings of various languages on-line) (The Common Language Project:

                                                Fact Sheets on lesser known facts about various countries)


Lanugage exchange: (Language Exchange Online Community) (Language Buddy - language exchange society)


Logic: (Dynamic and Dialogical Approaches to Historical Logic (DDAHL) - Amsterdam and Lille:

                                        reserach on medieval logic and comparative logic)


Indology & Indian languages: (INDOLOGY: Internet Resources for Indological Scholarship) (Indology Net - Indology in general - Indian Philosophy, Science and Culture) (Indology in general: the archives of the Indology list) (Indology in general: subscribe to the Indology list) (Scholars without Borders: scholarly material from India,

                                                links to books, scholarly institutions, journals etc.) (Indology in general: site in German) (Indology in general: some resources

                                                and links related to the Sanskrit, in English & en Español) (Indology in general: links) (Hinduism Digital Library -

                                                - Directory of Online Texts, Publications, Dictionaries and Journals) (Dominik Wujastyk's Virtual Indology Archive) (Jambudvipa - Indology & Sanskrit Studies:

                                                Paolo Magnone’s guide to Indological and Indology Related Resources) (Indology in general: links, Sanskrit texts etc.) (Pandanus - Sanskrit eletronic texts),

       (Muktabodha Indological Institute, On-line Digital Library - Sanskrit texts in Devanagari.

                The catalogue and on-line library of digital images of the mostly Shaiva Siddhanta transcripts of the French Institute of Pondicherry) (South Asia Links) (Sanskrit texts, fonts) (Indology & computers: Fonts & Keyboard Templates for Sanskrit etc.) (Doulos SIL Font Download: Fonts & Keyboard Templates for Sanskrit etc.) (Sanskrit Library - digitized primary texts in Sanskrit, computerized research

                                        and study tools to analyze and maximize the utility of digitized Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit Documents site, Sanskrit  texts) (Multimediale Datenbank zum Sanskrit-Schauspiel - Multimedia Data Bank of Sanskrit Plays - Bhasa) (Bhasa: Pratijnayaugandharayana - New Edition & German translation:

                            Ahlborn, Matthias: Pratijnayaugandharayana - Digitalisierte Textkonstitution, Übersetzung und Annotierung /

                            Pratijnayaugandharayana - Digital Critical Edition, Translation and Annotation) (SARVA Project: search tool for (1) Burrow, T. and Emeneau, M.B.:   

                            A Dravidian etymological dictionary, and (2) Turner, R.L.: A comparative dictionary of Indo-Aryan languages) (A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages) (Edgerton - Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary) (Kalyani Kosh - Maithili Dictionary) (Sanskrit Documents, Online Sanskrit Dictionary, Sanskrit Tutorials,

                                                Sanskrit Pronunciation guides, software for learning Sanskrit

                                                and producing documents in Devanagari & Roman formats) (software /

                                                programs for use with Indian-language text) (Sanskrit e-texts, literature etc.) (Sanskrit texts: Gita Supersite: multilingual Bhagavadgita with translations) (The Sanskrit Text Archives - The Hindu Texts - The Eastern Tradition Research Institute Collection) (List of scanned Sanskrit texts) (Gaveshika - Sanskrit Search Engine) (Sanskrit e-texts) (Bhagavata Purana - English translation - "The Story of the Fortunate One") (Bhaktivedanta VedaBase Network) (Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit texts) (Sanskrit texts: Dvaita Text Resource) (Sanskrit texts: Vedic Literature at Maharishi University) (Sanskrit texts in Devanagari) (Muktabodha Indological Institute, On-line Digital Library -

                                                Sanskrit texts in Devanagari The catalogue and on-line library of digital images

                                                of the mostly Shaiva Siddhanta transcripts of the French Institute of P (E-books about India and works by Indian author: indology, agriculture,

                                                environment, society, philosophy, politics, social anthropology, biography,

                                                business, corporate governance, energy, economics, sports) (Translations: Open Source Scripture Symposium:

                                                translations of Sanskrit texts) (Translations: the Clay Sanskrit Library - Classical Sanskrit literature) (the Clay Sanskrit Library:

                                                Classical Sanskrit literature: Csaba Dezsõ "Bhatta Jayanta") (Translations: Sacred Texts of Hinduism - translations) (Translations: Indological e-books in translation,

                                                e.g. Vedanta-Sutras, Vedic ritual etc.) (Bhaktivedanta VedaBase Network: Sanskrit terms glossary) (The Mahabharata of Krishna - Dwaipayana Vyasa translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli) (Mahabharata resources - editions of Mahabharata) (e-texsts of Mahabharata and Ramayana etc. and Indic fonts) (Sanskrit Reader: Programm zum Einlesen, Analysieren und

                                                Verwalten altsprachlicher Texte - SanskritReader: a programme to digitise,

                                                analyse and manage ancient texts; digitalistion of Sanskrit texts / OCR) (Translations: Valmiki Ramayan - translations) (Translations: Giirvaani - Sanskrit Classical Literature - translations) (Translations: Bhagavata Purana / Srimad Bhagavatam Treasury - translation) (Encyclopedia for Epics of Ancient India) (Translations in Polish: "Klasyczna joga indyjska.

                                                Jogasutry przypisywane Patañd¿alemu i Jogabhaszja czyli Komentarz

                                                do Jogasutr przypisywany Wjasie." Prze³o¿y³ z sanskrytu Leon Cyboran) (Translations in Polish: "Upaniszady" -

                                                Przek³ad Stanis³aw Franciszek Michalski) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics: Gérard Huet's Sanskrit Site -

                                                The Sanskrit Grammarian, The Sanskrit Heritage Dictionary) (Sanskrit grammar) (general linguistics, Sanskrit grammar) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics:

                                                Panini and Sanskrit grammar) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics:

                                                Sanskrit Grammar etc., dictionaries online) (Sanskrit, Tamil and Pahlavi Dictionaries online) (digitising Tibetan, Sanskrit and other related languages) (Digital Dictionaries of South Asia) (A Practical Grammar of the Pali Language) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics:

                                                Klaus Mylius - Die altindische Metrik) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics:

                                                Transliteration of Indic Scripts, ISO 15919) ("Indic wordlist":

                                                Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, Marathi, Bengali Punjabi, Gujarati, Divehi) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics: Online Sanskrit Dictionary) (Dictionnaire Français-Sanskrit & Grammaire Interactive / French-Sanskrit Dictionary) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics: Sanskrit Grammar, Rigveda,

                                                Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary Online ) (Sanskrit Dictionaries Online - recommended) (Sanskrit-English Dictionary compiled by Monier-Williams) (Sanskrit - English Dictionary for Mobile Phones - not a freeware) (Grosses Petersburger Woerterbuch (Boehtlingk & Roth) Sanskrit-German Dictionary) (Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary Online - Unicode Version) (Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary Online - Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon) (Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary) (Monier Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary - PDF scans) (Analitical Cross Referred Sanskrit Grammar - by Lennart Warnemyr:

                                Phonology, Morphology, Syntax) (Ganakastadhyayi - A Software on Sanskrit Grammar based on Panini's Sutras) (Patanjali - Mahabhasya) (Bhartrhari - Text of the Vakyapadiya and links) (Ramseier's Page on Bhartrhari) (Sanskrit Grammar and Linguistics:

                                                Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary [scanned version]) (Monier-Williams: Sanskrit-English Dictionary online) (Arthur Anthony Macdonell’s A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary) (Apte Sanskrit Dictionary Search) (spoken Sanskrit dictionary: Sanskrit - English - Sanskrit) (digital dictionaries of South Asia online:

                                                Assamese, Kashmir, Pali, Tamil, Baluchi, Khowar, Pashto, Telugu,

                                                Bengali, Lushai, Persian, Torwali, English, Marathi, Rajasthani,

                                                Urdu, Hindi, Nepali, Sanskrit, Kannada, Oriya, Sindhi) (Vocabulario Malabarico, kept at the Coimbra University Library) (Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera) (English-Pali Dictionary by Metta Net, Sri Lanka) (Koshur - an introduction to spoken Kashimiri) (Resource Center for Indian Language Technology Solutions: dictionaries, resources) (Technology Development for Indian Languages:

                                                Free Fonts & Software Tools for Assamese, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam,

                                                Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu; Translation Support System,

                                                Tools, Resources, Standardization etc.) (Journals on South Asia: Language in India) (Indian Lexicon: Phonetics, Indian lexemes) (e-books on Indian Studies:

                                                Mahabharata in Kisari Mohan Ganguli's English translation,

                                                Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary scanned version,

                                                Raja Yoga in A series of lessons by Yoga Ramacharaka,

                                                Ramayana of Valmiki in R.T. Griffth's English translation,

                                                Sandhyavandanam Vedic ritual,

                                                Tiruppavai of Andal word for word translation,

                                                Tiruvaimozhi of Nammazhwar with English meanings,

                                                Upanisads Text and audio explanations, Vedanta Desikan,

                                                Vedanta Sutras and Ramanuja's commentary

                                                in George Thibaut's English translation,

                                                Vedanta Sutras / Sankara's Vol. 1 Vol 2. txt commentary

                                                and George Thibaut's English translation - Vol. 1 & 2) (Indian Philosophy: Institute of Philosophy of RAS /

                                                Philosophical thought of India: Философская мысль индии, индология -

                                                translations into Russian) (Indian Philosophy: Encyclopaedia of Indian Philosophies) (Advaita Vedanta Anusandhana Kendra (Advaita Vedanta Research Center):

                                                Sanskrit editions, texts, series, articles, links) (the Advaita-siddhi of Madhusudana Sarasvati) (The Advaita Vedânta Home Page) (Works of other Advaitin Authors - links) (Indology - bibliography: authors, titles etc.) (Bibliographies on South Asian Topics) (SUEBS: erkenntnistheoretisch-logische Literatur

                                                des indischen Buddhismus in primären und sekundären Quellen bis 1994;

                                                Informationen über die Lebenszeit von Autoren, den Überlieferungsstatus

                                                einzelner Werke, Editionen, klassische und moderne Übersetzungen,

                                                sowie Sekundärliteratur = sources for the epistemological-logical literature

                                                of Indian Buddhism: authors, dates, works, editions, translations etc. - in German) (Indian Philosophy:

                                                 "A History of Indian Philosophy", Vol. 1, by Surendranath Dasgupta) (Indian and Comparative Philosophy: Scientific articles on formal aspects

                                                 of Ancient Western and Indian Logic; by Klaus Glashoff) (Epistemology and Argumentation in South Asia and Tibet (EAST),

                                                 developed from previous "The Indian Logic Knowledge Base (ILKB)") (Indian Philosophy: Indian Logic and Ontology -

                                                 A Survey of Contemporary Studies) (Studia Indologiczne - Indological Journal, Warsaw, Poland) (Journals on South Asia: Journal of the American Oriental Society) (Journal asiatique in PDF format until 1936) (Journals on South Asia: modern stuff) (Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Südasienforschung - Interdisciplinary Journal for South Asian Studies) (Journals on South Asia: modern stuff) (Journals on South Asia: on-line magazine on Indian English literature) (Journals on South Asia: "Online-Magazin" - essays on Indology, esoterics,

                                                 history of religion, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism etc. - partly in German) (PDF books on Indology and Islam) (Carl W. Ernst’s site:

                                                 papers on yoga and Sufism, comparative studies) (Journals on South Asia: Indian Journal of History of Science) (Journals on South Asia: EJOS –

                                                 – Electronic Journal of Oriental Studies)  (Journals on South Asia: Electronic Journal of Indian Philosophy) (Journals on South Asia: Journal of Indian Philosophy) (The Online Journal of the International Association of Sanskrit Studies - Indologica Taurinensia) (the Newsletter of the CEIAS, Centre d'Études de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud - Center for South Asian Studies) (Journals on South Asia: WZKS =

                                                 Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens / Vienna Journal for South Asian Studies) (Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde" (WSTB) to download) (Indology & Vedic studies), ,  (Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies) (Indology & Vedic studies: Bloomfield’s Vedic Concordance) (Bloomfield's Vedic Concordance online) (an Enlarged Electronic Version of Bloomfield's A Vedic Concordance) (Indology & Vedic studies: Materials for the study of Vedic ritual / Jan Houben) (International Journal of Tantric Studies) (Indological institutions:

                                                Website of the Department of South and Central Asian Languages and Cultures) (Indological institutions: Indian National Science Academy) (IGNCA: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts; Digital Library - Resource for

                                                Indian Cultural Heritage; Digital Images; Video Recordings,

                                                Cognitive Maps of Temples etc.; Bibliographies, Manuscripts Catalogue;

                                                Kalakalpa: Bi-annual Journal; NARIVADA: Gender,

                                                Culture and Civilization Network; Reference library) (The Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA)) (Archives of Indian music housed at DSAL) (Carnatic Music) (Society for Promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture Amongst Youth: concerts of Indian music in India) (Music Festivals in India) (Constitution of India) (Constitution of India) (Electronic Resources for Hindi and Other South Asian Languages -

                                - Department of Hindi, Osaka University of Foreign Studies: Text Archive / Audio Archive:

                                Medieval Hindi (Tulsidas, Jaysi, Qutban) and Sanskrit; Photo Archive) (Voice of Dharma - books and articles on Hinduism, modern India, Hindu fundamentalism etc.) (An annotated bibliography of Indian medicine) (Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants - India) (Indian Astronomy - A Descriptive Catalogue of Indian Astronomical Instruments) (South Asia Documents - papers on History, Politics, Economy, Minorities, Education,

                                    Women, Media, Science, Movements, Regional Issues, Secularism & Cummunalism etc. of India,

                                    Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar and Afghanistan) (Publications of Gujarat University, Ahmedabad,

                                    including A Biyearly University Journal - Vidya) (Indological institutions: Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi) (Indological institutions: Bharat Kala Bhavan,

                                                Varanasi - an art and architecture museum) (information on Hinduism and Hinduism resources) (Hindu Wisdom - information about Hinduism:

                                                Art, Culture, Symbolism, Literature, Society, Caste System etc. / biased) (cult of Murugan - Palani in Tami Nadu) (cult of Murugan - Palani in Tami Nadu) (cult of Murugan - Palani in Tami Nadu) (cult of Murugan - Palani in Tami Nadu) (On Sanskrit, in Polish; links to Indological websites, mostly in Polish) (Intellectual Traditions of the East [Tradycje Intelektualne Orientu]:

                                                a research project of the Institute of Oriental Philology,

                                                Jagiellonian Univerisity, Cracow, Poland) (Sanskrit Knowledge Systems on the Eve of Colonialism -

                                                - a research project),, (Digital Library of India: Book Collections, Journals, Newspapers, Manuscripts) (Vidyanidhi Digital Library - Digital library initiative to facilitate the creation,

                                                archiving and accessing of doctoral theses) (Repositorium: Dictionaries, Manuscript Catalogues,

                                                Digital Texts and Materials on Nagarjuna and Santideva) (Philologica: E-texts) (Journals on South Asia E-library:

                                                E-Journals, E-News, E-Books, E-Images, Online Image Archives, e-Text Collections) (scans of some texts on Indology, e.g. Müller’s Rig-Veda-Samhita,

                                                Oldenberg’s Vedaforschung, Speyer’s Vedische und Sanskrit Syntax,

                                                Katre’s A glossary of grammatical elements and operations in the Astadhyayi) (Rigveda Translation: Commentary - Stephanie W. Jamison & Joel P. Brereton) (Metrically Restored Text of the Rigveda) (Online Storage Solution -

                                                - Books on Indology and Buddhology in PDF stored online) (Digital Colonial Documents (India) - scanned texts) (Timothy Lubin’s page: some Digital Texts and Recordings,

                                                e.g. recitationg of Bhartrhari’s Œatakatraya) (Jyotish Tools for Windows - astrology program)

See also India



Sanskrit manuscripts: (National Missior for Manuscripts - National Manuscript Catalogue,

                                                near National Museum, Bharatiya Avilekhaghar, Delhi) (Manuscripts in collections in India) (Catalogus Catalogorum -

                                                - a catalogue of catalogues of Sanskrit Manuscripts in India) (French Institute of Pondicherry (IFP) /

                                                The shaiva manuscripts of Pondicherry) (Sanskrit manuscripts in Lahore University - go to:

                                                    Online Catalogues - Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts) (Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts at Saraswati Mahal Library, Tanjavur) (Punjab University Library - Sanskrit Manuscripts Printed Catalogue of Wollner Collection) (catalogues of Sanskrit manuscripts of Tantric works in India) (Online Library of Digitized Sanskrit and Prakrit Manuscript Catalogues) (A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts)


See lso India , search this site for "manuscripts" for more links



Indology - History of South Asia: (History of India) (coins of India - a must for historians) (history of India: civilisation of Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro / The Indus Civilization) (Harappa - a site devoted to the Indus Valley Civilization of Harappa and Mohenjodaro - with photos and research papers) (history of India: civilisation of Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro / The Indus Civilization) (history of India: Indus Valley civilisation) (history of India: links to Vijayanagar Empire) (South Asia Coins Discussion Group: numizmatics, maps, history) (India and Pakistan map 1:250,000) (Indian Saga: Languages, Literature, History, Art, Architecture, Temples) (Languages and scripts of India; Manuscripts: images;

                                            links to Indian languages sites; Calligraphy, Bijaksharas and Yantras) (India Code: the India Code Information System -

                                            - all Central Acts of Parliament right from 1836 onwards) (Historische Dokumente aus Rajasthan -

                                            - Historical Documents from Rajasthan) (The Edicts of King Ashoka / Asoka -

                                    - An English rendering by Ven. S. Dhammika) (A Translation of the Edicts of Asoka) (Asoka / Ashoka inscriptions) (Asoka Inscriptions, text and translation - The Ashoka Project on the Bibliotheca Polyglotta) (the Edicts of Asoka - a survey of research) (the Institute of Buddhist Studies) (materials on Lankavatara) (Bulletin of Tibetology, Sikkim - PDF files) (Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, Kosho Yamamoto, Volume I) (Secondary literature on Buddhism: Maitreya, Asanga, Vasubandhu, Nagarjuna,

                            Theodor Stcherbatsky, Eugene Obermiller, Vimalakirti-nirdesa-sutra, Samdhinirmocana Sutra,

                            Shurangama Sutra, Suramgamasamadhisutra (T.642) & Pratyutpanna Samadhi Sutra (T.418),

                            Siksha-Samuccaya (Santideva), Vajracchedika-sutra-bhasya (Asanga)) (Dwipantara - Indonesia, including Archive of Sanskrit & Old Javanese texts)  (collection of journals on South Asia) (Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi - Sanskrit University in Benares) (Klaus Bruhn website) (Alexis Sanderson - Scholar of Medieval Religious Literature in South Asia: Publications etc.) (Centre for Tantric Studies) (Indologica Taurinensia - The Journal of the International Association of Sanskrit Studies) (Observatori del Tibet i Asia Central, Universitat de Barcelona / Observatory of Tibet and Central Asia, University of Barcelona, Spain) (Digital Library of University of Delhi - e-library) (Muktabodha Indological Research Institute / Muktabodha Digital Library - Kashmir Shaivism,

                                    Trika-Kaula, Saiva-Siddhanta, Pancaratra, Natha Yoga and other tantric works, Vedic Shrauta ritual) (Bharat Kala Bhavan - An Art And Archeological Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi) (Sahapedia - on South Asian Art) (The Huntington Archive – Archive of the Art of South Asia, Digital Data Base, Photographic archive of Buddhist and Asian art, publications) (General Register der "Kleine Schriften"-Bände 1-37, 40-41 der Helmuth von Glasenapp-Stiftung -

                                Online Suche - Online Search in the Series " Kleine Schriften", Vols. 1-37, 40-41, published by Helmuth von Glasenapp-Stiftung) (Digitalisierte Werke auf dem Felde der Indologie - e-library links for Indologists) (Indian Paleography - Project - IndoSkript Program) (Indian Paleography - bibliography of Indian paleography) (Kautilya’s Arthaœastra - German translation = Das Arthaçastra des Kautilya) (Catalog of Gandhari Texts, including Asokan edicts - by Stefan Baums and Andrew Glass)


Indology - Indus Valley civilisation: (Indus Valley, Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro - illustrated pages) (An Indus "Dictionary") (Asko Parpola's homepage:

                                     Indus Civilization, Veda, South Asian religions and languages,

                                     archaeology of South Asia and Central Asia) (Asko Parpola: "Study of the Indus Script") (A note on the Indus Script) (A note on the Indus Script decipherment) (Koenraad Elst:

                                    "The Vedic Harappans in writing") (S. Kalyanaraman:

                                        claims to have deciphered the Indus Script) (Egbert Richter-Ushanas: "Two Systems of Symbolic Writing -

                                        - The Indus Script and the Rongorongo Script of Easter Island":

                                        claims to have deciphered the Indus Script) (Iravatham Mahadevan -

                                        claims to have deciphered the Indus Script)


Institutes of Indology in German speaking countries: (German Indology:

                            A list of institutions and persons concerned with Sanskrit and associated studies) (Institut für Indische Philologie

                            und Kunstgeschichte der Freien Universität, Berlin, Germany) (Orientabteilung der Staatsbibliothek, Berlin, Germany) (Union Catalogue of Oriental Manuscripts in German Collections,

                                     Katalogisierung der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland, Berlin, Germany) (Institut für Indologie, Wichtrach Schweiz/Switzerland) (Seminar für Orientalistik und Indologie der Ruhr-Universität, Bochum, Germany) (Indologisches Seminar der Universität, Bonn, Germany) (Indologie, Freiburg, Germany) (Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie, Göttingen, Germany) (Institut für

                                                                Orientalische Archäologie und Kunst der Universität, Halle, Germany) (Oriental Studies / Orientalistik, Hamburg, Germany) (Südasien-Institut, Heidelberg, Germany) (Institut für Indologie und Tamilistik, Köln, Germany) (Institut für Indologie und Zentralasienwissenschaften,

                                                   institute for Indology and Central Asian Studies, Leipzig, Germany) (Institut für Indologie der Universität, Mainz, Germany), (Fachgebiet Indologie

                                                    und Tibetologie, Marburg, Germany) (Institut für Indologie und Iranistik, München, Germany) (Institut für Indologie, Münster, Germany) (Seminar für Indologie

                                                    und Vergleichende Religionswissenschaft, Tübingen, Germany) (Institut für Südasien-, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde, Vienna / Wien, Austria) (Indologie, Institut für Kulturwissenschaften Ost- und Südasiens, Würzburg) (Indologie, Indogermanisches Seminar, Zürich, Schweiz/Switzerland) (Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft - German Oriental Society) (Newsletter

                                             of the NGMCP = the Nepalese-German Manuscript Cataloguing Project (NGMCP),

                                             former the Nepal-German Manuscript Preservation Project (NGMPP))


Institutes of Indology in the world: (The Central & Eastern European Network of Indian Studies (CEENIS)) (Centre for Advanced India-EU Studies (CAIES), Leuven, Holland) (Dipartamento di Studi Orientali Roma, Italy) (The Centre of South Asian Studies - Cambridge, UK) (SOAS - The School of Oriental and African Studies, London, UK) (Le Centre d'Études de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud (CEIAS) - Paris, France) (INALCO - Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, France) (International Institue of Asian Studies (IIAS) - Leiden, Holland) (Institut für Südasien-, Tibet- und Buddhismuskunde,

                                                Universität Wien (ISTB), Austria) (South Asia Institute - The University of Texas at Austin, USA) (Central & Eastern European Network of Indian Studies) (Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies) (OCHS lectures and seminars in MP3 audio)







Southeast Asia: (Center of Southeast Asia Studies, Taiwan;

                                Journal on Southeast Asia Studies / Islam, papers also in English)


Indonesia: (Reformasi - Information Services - userful links on Indonesia) (An architectural survey of Borobudur - by Mark Long) (Jaringan Islam Liberal - Indonesia - Liberal Islam Network) (English-Indonesian Dictionary / Bahasa Indonesia -

                                                - Gadjah Mada University Online Dictionary) (English-Indonesian Dictionary / Bahasa Indonesia)


Malaysia: (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia)


Singapore: (Singapore Infomap: events and happenings) (National Heritage Board, art) (Government information) (general information) (online map, directory) (Info Center Singapore)


Japan: (Kyodo news) (Daily News) (Japan Today - news) (Japan Times - news) (IMCjp - Independent Media Center Japan) (Japan National Tourist Organisation) (Japan Echo: academic, discussions, essays on modern Japan) (in Polish) (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science)


China:, (news) (China Daily newspaper) (China Information Base) (news) (news) (China's official gateway to news and Information) (China Economic Net) (People's Daily) (news, links) (Beijing Language and Culture University) (Beijing Norman University) (China Institute) (ZhongWen - Chinese Characters and Culture) (Wen Lin - Software for Learning Chinese & dictionary) (World Link Education's China Programs) (Travelling and learning) (culture) (contemporary art) (art) (culture) (tourism) (The Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Asian and Chinese Art) (in Russian) (art) (art) (National Palace Museum) (Sinologisches Seminar, Kiel, Germany) (Cultural Heritage of China) (National Palace Museum - Taipei) (news in Polish) (various aspects of Chinese culture - in Polish and English) (Independent News on China, includes Chinese press publications

                                        translated into English; maintaned by Chinese expatriates - very useful) (Hujia&jinyan’s spirit -

                                        on imprisoned activists and dissidents in the People’s Republic of China) (China Media Project of the University of Hong Kong,

                                        monitors and analyses Chinese press and propaganda)




News: (Avery Press: news) (news in English, weather info, politics) (state-owned MONTSAME News Agency:

                                news in Mongolian, English and Russian) (news - Mongolian site) (news - Mongolian site) (business, political, economic news in English) (news, internet radio)


General info, economy & history:  (Mongolia: A Country Study.

                                                Edited by Robert L. Worden and Andrea Matles Savada.

                                                Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989), (news, culture database, tradition, religion, language,

                                                books - Mongolian site) (nature, people, religion, history,

                                                photos, links - Japanese site) (short info, links - US site) (US site of Chris Kaplonski, an anthropologist:

                                                history, religion, alphabets, links, further readings etc.) (A Country Study - Library of Congress - US site) (the Mongolia Society at University of Indiana -

                                                news, governance & politics, culture & history, religion,

                                                academic studies, business, books & journals, links, Tuva) (general information in Italian) (Mongolia Development Gateway:

                                                general info, economy, geo-resources, legislation, statistics) (economy, investments in Mongolia) (МОНГОЛ ОРОН МАНДАН БАДРАГ! - music news / popular) (American journalist’s site with articles on Mongolia) (Mongolian culture news - rarely updated)


Language & literature: (Mongolian alphabets, links to language sites) (general info on Mongolian language)

                                                (info on Mongolian Language) (general info on language) (online

                                                English-Mongolian dictionaries, Grammar etc.) (The Harvard-Yenching Library's

                                        Mongolian-language materials are primarily written in the classical script) (13th century documents in Mongolian in Vatican archives) (Mongolia Book List - bibliography) (Mongolian fonts) (Mongolian Language Development Kit - virtual keyboard, language etc.)


Ethnicity: (Mongolian culture: tradition, art, religion, history) (he national dress of the Mongols) (the Moritu society)


Art & culture: (Arts Council of Mongolia) (the Mongolia National Fine Art Museum in honour of Lama Zanabazar) (Mongolian Art & Culture: music, fine art, theatre, dance, film, entertainment, museums) (exhibition of art from Chinggis Khan epoch) (Buryat Mongol: Shamanism, Folklore, and Poetry)


Religion: (Buddhism in Central Asia) (general info about Buddhism in Mongolia) (Buddhism in Mongolia After 1990

                                            by Karénina Kollmar-Paulenz) (Documentation of Mongolian Buddhist Temples) (Buryat Mongolian Shamanism) (Christianity in Mongolia - religious propaganda) (in theory Mongolian TV site - in practice Christian propaganda) (Monastery in Mongolia)

Preservation projects: (network of non-government organizations in Mongolia - Mongolian site) (Baldan Baraivan restoration project in Mongolia) (Nomadic Frontiers - with the goal to provide services and assistance

                                        to rural herding nomadic families and communities in Mongolia and Central Asia) (Itgel Foundation working on projects to preserve music, reindeer herding heritage) (Friends of Mongolia -

                                        A National Peace Corps Association Affiliated Organization)


Siberian People: (Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire / Siberian nations) (The Center for the Study of the Eurasian Nomads) (Siberian Indigenous People

                                                    Social Studies - general info about ethnic groups in Asia,

                                                    culture, history, languages, links) (Contemporary Cultures of

                                                    Siberia and the Far East) (Native Peoples of Siberia - resources and links) (Siberian Nations research project) (Indigenous Siberian people) (the Chukchi) (habits of Siberian people, the Khants as an example)  (The Arctic Studies Center: ethnicity, culture, nature etc.) (endangered languages of Indigenous Peoples of Siberia) (Siberian Studies electronic resources)


Tibet: (international Tibet Support Group community, info and links, organisations) (independent Tibet news) (Dalai Lama homepage) (the Central Tibetan Administration) (the Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD)) (Tibet Info) (Tibet Info) (Save Tibet: Gesellschaft zur Hilfe an das tibetische Volk) (Tibetan Youth Congress) (support, reports) (Tibetan Multi-Education Centre) (Volunteer Tibet: volunteer opportunities, NGOs) (Friends of Tibet) (the Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD)) (Tibetan Computer Company) (resources by Yoichi Fukuda on Tibetology:

                                    digital archive, software, databases) (The Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center) (The Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center: Digital Library, Canonical Works, Database) (The Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library) (Archives for

                                    Tibetan to English Dictionary and Translation Tool) (Jim Valby Tibetan-English Dictionary for MS-DOS) (Tibetan Yung Drung Bön Arts: Bön deities, thangkas etc.) (The Zhang Zhung Preservation Project - the study and conservation

                        of the remnants of the ancient Zhang Zhung Empire and civilization of Tibet) (Tibetan-English-Dictionary of Buddhist Teaching & Practice) (Tibetan-English Dictionary, Dharma Glossaries, and Resources) (Independent News on Tibet, including Online Radio - recommended) (a blog of a Tibetan female writer writing in Chinese; rare photographs)


Bangladesh: ( First Online Database of Bangladesh Laws)


Burma / Myanmar: (Independent news on Burma / Myanmar) (news on Burma / Myanmar) (Burmese activist blogs - critical eye on latest events in Burma / Myanamar) (the Myanma Freedom Daily) (Myanmar B2B Management Magazine ACUMEN)




Nepal: (news) (news)

www.Nepalnews.Com (news) (news) (Nepal - Jwajalapa - Newar Culture site)


India, South Asia in general: (South Asia Intelligence Review - recommended) (links, news, business, politics) (Indian Express) (The Economic Times / The Times of India) (politics) (South Asia Analysis Group) (current affairs) (Outlook India) (politics) (News from India and the World; Festivals, Art and Culture, Finance of India) (Observer Research Foundation - research on modern India) (official, politics and government) (official, politics and government) (Government of India Info) (directory of Indian Government websites) (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, South Indian separatists - politics) (All India Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),

                                                                            South Indian separatists - politics) (Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), India - politics) (Ministry of Law & Justice Government of India - politics) (links to India,

                                information on education, politcs, finance, industry, health, culture etc.) (information on Punjab) (official website of Jammu and Kashmir Government, India) (Indian Government Related Links) (The Hindustan Times – daily newspaper) (The Hindu newspaper) (The Hindu newspaper) (The Times of India – daily newspaper) (The Tribune, India - newspaper) (The Statesman newspaper) (The Telegraph newspaper) (The Indian Express newspaper) (general info) (India Defence - news and forum) (cirtical news from India) (First Post - News from India) (News from India) (ONGC - South Asia Newsline - critical TV news) (Südasien / South Asia - news in German) (Indien / India - news in German) (All India Radio – Home Page) (Music Curry – India’s First Web Music Radio) (The Heritage magazine of India) (general info, tourism) (Indian trains, schedules) (Indian Railways - Timetables and Passenger Reservation Enquiry) (Air India airlines, schedules) (cheap airlines) (Indians in Africa) (site about Pondicherry) (Hinduism, popular) (Hindu festivals - calendar, popular) (Hindu festivals - calendar, popular) (Indian elections, politics) (Indian National Congress) (Asia news: South Asia Analysis Group) (The Consortium of Indian Military Websites) (India: National Crime Records Bureau) (India: International Institute for Population Studies) (India: The National Family Health Survey (NFHS)) (Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Security of India, Police etc.) (India's Nuclear Power Reactors) (Centre for Social Research, NGO for women’s rights in India) (Save Indian Family Foundation - Indian men's rights organisation) (RAAMRAAJ Environment Society - anti-feminist organisation) (The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) explores the Middle East and South Asia - both controversial and useful)

See also Indology:


India - Indian economy and statistics: (finances) (World Economy with a special focus on Indian Economy) (statistics) (economy) (economy) (economy) (Indian Economy) (Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy) (Indian Statistics),,menuPK:295589~pagePK:141159~piPK:141110~theSitePK:295584,00.html

                                                (India - The World Bank Group) (The Internationalist: business & investment) (Doing Business in India,

                                                            Investing in India, Economy Policy India, Business India) (Economic Survey) (Doing Business in India) (India Business Practice

                                                                                and Business etiquette Tips - The WorldWide-Tax.Com) (India - statistics: National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO)) (Indian statistics) (India Cultural Tips) (India Business Etiquette,

                                                                                                       Culture - Doing Business in India) (Economy of India) (Indian Economy: history in a nutshell etc.) (Indian budget, statistics)  (India: Union Budget & Economy Survey) (stock exchange in India) (stock exchange in India) 


India - Bollywood:  (Bollywood World) (Planet Bollywood) (Bollywood Premiere) (Screen - cinema news)


Kashmir (Jammu & Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan): (Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society - Human Rights activists) (Free Press Kashmir - news from Kashmir - India-administered) (news from Jammu and Kashmir India-administered) (The Kashmiri Pandits India-administered) (official website of Jammu and Kashmir Government, India India-administered) (Kashmir Blind Spot Campaign to stop the illegal use of pellet shotguns in Kashmir) (Kashmir Life - News from Kashmir) (Kashmir Watch - news from Kashmir) (Kashmir Institute of International Relations - Pakistan-administered) (Koshur Samacar, Official Organ of Kashmiri Samiti, Delhi) (Jammu & Kashmir Division - Government of India, Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs) (news from Kashmir) (Vitasta - The Publication of Kashmir Sabha, Kolkata - Kashmiri Pandits) (Speaking Mind - an independent Blog on Kashmir) (News from Kashmir) (“Lost Kashmiri History - the struggle of memory against forgetting” - books on Kashmir) (News from Kashmir) (News from Kashmir) (Kashmir Guardian - Media, News) (Azad Jammu & Kashmir - official view of Pakistan - Pakistan-administered) (Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society) (Syed Ali Geelani FB site) (Greater Kashmir - news from Kashmir) (Hindutva Brotherhood and Kashmiri Hindu Liberation Army - fascist organisation) (Kashmiri Pandit Network) (Institute of Kashmir Affairs) (articles by Shabir Choudhry - Director, Institute of Kashmir Affairs) ( (Voice of Jammu Kashmir) (Voice of Jammu Kashmir - Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front, JKLF) (Jammu and Kashmir Study Center - pro-India) (JK Monitor - Online News and Views about Jammu and Kashmir) (News from Kashmir) (Kashmir Times - news from Kashmir, critical) (news from Azad Jummu & Kashmir, Pakistani view - Pakistan-adminsitered) (Kashmir International Relief Fund) (Kashmiri Overseas Association - Kashmiri Pandits) (Ancient Monuments of Kashmir) (Azad Jammu and Kashmir - news in Urdu - Pakistan-adminsitered) (Panun Kashimir - A Homeland for Kashmiri Pandits / Hindus from Kashmir) (Rising Kashmir - The Daily / news from Kashmir - India-adminsitered) (Kashmiri Pandits’ SHEJAR Magazine - Get away to Kashmir) (The Kashmir Walla - critical, unofficial site, independend of the Indian government view) (Azad Jammu and Kashmir High Court - Pakistan-administered) (Gilgit Baltistan, Pamir)


Pakistan: (news from Pakistan) (The Nation - daily) (The Dawn - daily) (The Express Tribune - Pakistan news) (Pakistan Today - Pakistan news) (Pakistanpaedia - general information on Pakistan) (The Frontier Post - daily from Peshawar) (Balochwarna Nows - News from Balochistan, Pakistan) (Jang Group - The International News: News from Pakistan) (Pakistan Observer: news) (Pakistan Probe - news) (Pakistan press)  (Pakistan news) (Pakistan Minorities Teachers' Association - they struggle for religious tolerance and against religious and ethnic discrimination in Pakistan) (Politics and military: Resources on India and Pakistan) (Pakistan Defence - news and forum) (Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) - an independent, not-for-profit non governmental research and advocacy think-tank) (Pakistan, water resources, water conflicts with India) (Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP)) (Pakistan Minorities Teachers’ Association (PMTA)) (on Pakistan’s blasphemy law) (Rationalist Society of Pakistan) (Punjab University Library; including English Dissertations available in Punjab University Library) (Pakistan Study Centre, University of the Punjab) (“Pakistan Vision” - Journal on international relations published by the University of the Punjab) (Journal of the Research Society of Pakistan) (Pakistan Research Repository - Higher Education Commission, Pakistan - Repository of PhD theses in Pakistan) (The Institute for Social Justice (ISJ), Pakistan) (Laws of Pakistan - repository) (Pakistani archives - historical documents) (legistlation of Pakistan - repository) (The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan) (Drone Wars Pakistan: Analysis, Statistics, Data) (Oxford University Press - Pakistan) (All Pakistan Music Conference - one of major music events in Pakistan)


Afghanistan: (maps) (Afghan Online Press - recommended) (Afghanistan Government Web Site) (Omaid Weekly - discontinued) (news searches, books, culture, cookery) (news - discontinued) (Security and Development Policy Group - reports on Afghanistan - discontinued) (Centre for Policy and Human Development - Afghanistan) (news - influenced by US propaganda) (Lemar - Aftaab - Afghan Magazine / discontinued) (RAWA - Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)) (news and information in Russian) (Русские вернулись - Путеводитель по Афганистану

                                            для рожденных в СССР / The Russians Are Back - An Afghan travel guide:

                                            some useful information and links for travellers etc.) (former Taliban Online: the Taliban and their Islamic aims - discontinued) (write to the Afghan Events Group) (Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB) - Afghanistan; elections, politics) (Aghanistan's Emergency Loya Jirga -

                                        - Special Report: documents, analysis and background) (Sabawoon:

                                         Loya Jirga Commission: Member List of The Loya Jirga Commission) (Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission) (The 2004 Afghan Election Project: Presidential elections) (The 2005 Afghan Elections Project: National Assembly and Provincial Council Elections) (Afghan German Online: current news, aid, immigration, literature,

                                         organisations in Germany, politics, women, religion etc., history - in German) (Afghan community on the German internet:

                                          general information, news, religion, politics etc.) (info on Afghanistan in German) (links and info on Afghanistan in German) (Der Weg nach Bamiyan - information and resources in German) (Kyber Org - Pakhtunistan, Islam, References, Government & Politics,

                                        Pashtun tribes and other ethnic groups etc.) (Pashtun Tribes, their history, and their family trees) (Pakhtunistan - culture, politics and society) (NWFP Government's Official Web Portal - Profile,

                                        Government Structure, District Database, Departments, Progress Reports, etc.) (Afghanistan NGO Security Office) (Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Afghanistan) (The Ministry of Education of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) (The AIMS project: information management

                            and information services for organisations across Afghanistan) (British Agencies Afghanistan Group (BAAG) - information on

                                                the political, economic and security situation in Afghanistan) (UNAMA - United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan) (Ministry of Economy of Afghanistan, NGO Department) (Counterpart International - Afghanistan =

                                = the US Agency for International Development-funded Initiative to Promote Afghan Civil Society (I-PACS)) (The Battle for Kabul:

                                                 April 1992-March 1993 - Human Rights Watch report) (information on Ahmad Shah Massoud - biography etc. - in Polish) (gems in Afghanistan) (Afghaniyat Listserver - the concepts of Afghaniyat / Afghan-hood;

                        Afghanistan Digest; to subscribe send an email to: (Afghan cuisine) (Shah Mahmoud Hanifi: "Connecting Histories in Afghanistan.

                                                    Market Relations and State Formation on a Colonial Frontier") (Dari-English Dictionary) (The Agency Co-ordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR)) (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan - Taleban website) (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan - Taleban website) (Afghanistan in the 1950s and 1960s and now - a shocking comparison) (Hazara website; news on Hazara culture, politics etc., links to other Hazara websites) (Nuristan) (Digital Library Technology Services, including Afghanistan Digital Library,

                                Archives and Special Collections, ArchivesSpace etc. developed by New York University) (Afghanistan Digital Library) (Maps of Afghanistan) (research on Balkh)

 Central Asia and Caucasus in general: (Central Asia Online - Pentagon-run US propaganda site on Central Asia) (Independent news on Central Asia, in Russian) (Central Asian history - resources, links) (websites on Central Asia - resources, links) (Times of Central Asia) (news on Central Asia and Commonwealth of Independent States in Russian) (Центрально-Азиатский интернет-журнал / Central Asian Journal “Oasis” -

                                            - independent news and comments in Russian) ("Tazar" - independent news and comments on current events in Russian) (Ferghana Information Agency - Central Asia news in Russian, quite independent) (Ferghana Information Agency - Central Asia news from Russia) (Ferghana Alumni Advisory Council - Ferghana culture etc.) (The Tatar Gazette; Tatar culture) (Eurasian Transition Group, esp. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan) (Неприкосновенный запас - Debates on Politics and Culture:

                                            in English, Russian, German, French, Polish), (Central Asia,

                                            the Caucasus, Afghanistan, Turkey, the Middle East and Mongolia) (Central Asia / Caucasus Analyst) (Central Asia and the Caucasus) (Business Information Service

                                            for the Newly Independent States; up-to-date business, statistics) (Central Eurasian Scholars Network: info) (Program on Central Asia and the Caucasus List) (research, general info, travel, lectures, music, geography) (‘Analitical Group Pamir-Ural’,

                                                         academic resources and humanists forum, in Russian) (news in Russian) (news in Russian) (news in Russian) (Central Asia & Persia history papers) (History of the Soviet Union: documents in English) (Central Asian Research Bulletin;

                                                                        H.B. Paksoy: Essays on Central Asia) (Anahita Gallery - Old Photography of Central Asia) (on close relations between Karimov and US) (news-group on Central Asia) (news-group on Central Asia) (Environment &Security Initiative: Central Asia, Caucasus) (Centre Journalism in Extreme Situations / Центр экстремальной журналистики

                                            - independent news / comments from Russia and Central Asia in Russian) ("Transoxiana": Journal Libre de Estudios Orientales; papers in Spanish and English) (Central Asia - primarily on Christian expansion ("Evangelization");

                                                        contains useful data on Central Asian peoples, ethnicity, languages etc.) (Hope for Europe - Christian propaganda;

                                                         contains Caucasus peoples profiles) (Janzteam (Christian propaganda) Ethnic Groups:

                                                        ethnicity and peoples of the former Soviet Union territory) (ethnicity list of Russia: prepared by

                                                        Centre of Russian Studies in the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs) (Central Asia And Caucasus Studies in Sweden, articles etc.) (Central Asia-Caucasus Institute) (CESR - Central Euroasian Studies Society:

                                                        at Harvard University - rewiews, materials from conferences etc.) (The New Great Game In Muslim Central Asia

                                                        by M. E. Ahrari) (Oxus Communications - resources on Central Asia) (Central Asia & Caucasus Culture -

                                                        index of articles) (Language Policies In Central Asia) (Voice of Freedom: Central Asia - Information and Analitical Bulletin on Human Rights;

                                independent news and analysis) (Mark Dickens: The Impact of Russo-Soviet Culture in Central Asia) (Timurid Architecture in Samarkand) (Mark Dickens: Soviet Language Policy in Central Asia) (Taleban web site - Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan) (Foreign Policy on Afghanistan and Pakistan) (Who is who in Afghanistan? – Biographies of important people) (Wadsam - Afghan Business Portal) (Afghanistan Analyst Network) (Khaama Press - Afghanistan news) (1TV - Afghanistan news) (Afganistan24 - news from Afghanistan in Polish) (Phototheca Afghanica - a project of Foundation Bibliotheca Afghanica - Historical Images of Afghanistan) (Afghanistan Institut, Bibliotheca Afghanica, Bubendorf)


Caucasus: (Armenia) (Azerbaijan: opposition) (Caspian Development Advisory Panel (CDAP) (Baltic Research Centre: news/research on Central Asia and Caucasus) (Open Society Institute - Assistance Foundation / Azerbaijan) (Caspian Development and Export) (Baku-Ceyhan pipeline) (Baku-Ceyhan / Community Investment Programme) (guidebook to Caucasus online in Polish) (he Common House of Caucasus - independent, nongovernmental organization)  (News from Caucasus with Islamic / fundamentalist bent)


Chechnya: (Chechen news) (Chechenpress State News Agency - independent news in Russian and English) ("Chechnya Free" in Russian and English - Russian propaganda) (Chechnya in Russian - Russian propaganda) (Articles related to Chechnya) (The Chechen Times - suspended) (propaganda and news) (Human Rights Violations in Chechnya)  (Kavkaz Center - independent news on Caucasus, including Chechnya etc.,

                                                        in Russian, English, Arabic and Turkish) (Russian-Chechen News Agency - news in Russian and English) ("Chechnya fights" ["Czeczenia walczy"] - independent news in Polish)


Central Asia - Kazakhstan: (independent news in English) (Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Studies, official) (Kazakhstan) (in Russian) (KIMEP University in Almaty) (ethnicity in Kazakhstan) (Kazakh history, ethnicity, rulers) (Kazakh history) (freedom of speech, independent journalism and law) (the World of Regional Journalism) (International Foundation for Freedom of Speech in Kazakhstan) (Kazakh culture & history)


Central Asia - Kyrgyzstan: (Kyrgyzstan news - in Russian) (Kyrgyz Political Party Ar-Namys of F. Kulov) (Kyrgyzstan) (Anti-Akayev Opposition) (Kyrgyz Epic ‘Manas’) (Kyrgyzstan) (Kyrgyzstan) (Kyrgyz Committee for Human Rights) (Kyrgyzstan) (Kyrgyzstan) (Kyrgyz news / Kyrgyz bloggers - in Russian) (Silk Road Foundation - Archaeology Projects,

                                            The Kyrghiz Epic Manas) (Bashat (CBF) - a National Environmental NGO / Kyrgyz Public Union) (The Sacred Sites of Kyrgyzstan)


Central Asia - Turkmenistan: (For Democracy and Human Rights in Turkmenistan) (The Republican Party of Turkmenistan, in exile) (Turkmenistan Project) (Turkmenistan, ethnic divisions) (Turkmenskaya Iskra - Turkmen opposition website) (Chronicle of Turkmenistan - news and information on Turkmenistan)

Central Asia - Uzbekistan:, (Uzbekistan Information Directory, in English and Russian) (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, official) (Uzbek customs) ( Форум Эмигрантов Узбекистана -

                                Forum of Immigrants from Uzbekistan - controlled by Uzbek authorities) (History of Uzbekistan and Central Asia - Timeline) (Uzbek Music)


Uzbekistan „black list” (independent sites blocked by the government): (news in English, Russian, Uzbek etc.) (in English, Uzbek, Russian) (in Russian) (in Russian) (UZNews An independent information service of Uzbekistan, in English / Russian) (against the president Karimov, in English & Russian) ( Независимая интернет-газета -

                                    Independent Internet News in Russian) (Human Rights in Uzbekistan) (Association for Democracy in Uzbekistan,

                                                                        United Uzbek Democratic Coalition, in English, Russian etc.) (Free Uzbekistan, in Russian) (Democratic Erk Party of Uzbekistan) (Popular Movement ‘Birli’ Party) (in Russian) (in Russian) (in Russian) (Website found by Muhammad Yusuf, former mufti of Uzbekistan) (Uz News - no longer in existence) (Uzbeks - suspended)


Central Asia - East Turkestan (Chinese-administered Xinjiang): (East Turkestan: Uighurs) (Eastern national Centre for

                                            the Freedom of Uyghurs; history, literature, newsletters, human rights) (Uyghur history and culture) (Uyghurs, Uyghur Relief Fund,

                                            Political Prisoners Information)


Central Asia - Tatars: (Türkic History) (The Tatar Gazette) (Tatars)


Iran: (international, nuclear and regional issues, Internet filtering,

                                    censorship, student movement etc.) (culture) (Teheran live - news, culture) (Iran Culture and Information Centre: general information, links) (general information, links) (Iranian government) (general information) (Mianeh News - independent news from Iran) (Iran’s Islamic Republic News Agency - official news from Iran) (business) (business, Iran Trade Point Network) (Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art) (IranMania - news in Farsi and English) (Iran Virtual Library) (Tehran Times) (Islamic Republic News Agency ( IRNA)) (official website of the President of Iran - in Farsi and English) (Payvand's Iran News) (Iran Press Service) (Teheran Times) (in exile: Iranian news, links) (in exile: Iranian news) (Iranian news) (Iranian news, radio & TV online, periodical, links) (USA-based: Iranian news) (forums, links) (Iran Heritage Foundation, based in London) (the starting time of Persian (Iranian / Afghan) New Year (Nowrooz)) (Iran: Pars Times: media, news, history, business etc.) (Iran: Marze Por Gohar Party = Iranians for Secular Republic) (journalist Sina Motallebi: opposition in Iran, blocked) (LAIS - London Academy of Iranian Studies:

                                                Research and Publications, Journals, Lectures) (Zoroastrianism - The Zarathushtrian Assembly of Miami) (FarsiNet: A Persian Iranian Farsi Speaking People Global eCommunity) (general news) (Persepolis - 3D reconstruction)  (general information in Polish, English & Farsi) (Iran - Iman Maleki - excellent hyperrealist painter) (The Parthian Empire) (Iran: Kaleme - Mir Hossein Mousavi’s site; political opposition)


Middle East / Arab: (Middle East Online) (Middle East Online) (Al Jazeera in English) (Middle East Eye - crytical news from the Middle East) (The War of Ideas in the Middle East) (The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) explores the Middle East and South Asia - both controversial and useful) (Middle East general news and info) (Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)) (Middle East economy news)

www.MiddleEast.Org (alternative Israeli-Palestinian news) (news, published in Dubai, United Arab Emirates) (Islam, Middle East news) (Middle East news) (Gulf In The Media - Gulf Research Center) (Middle East Review of International Affairs) (News, Islam, culture) (An open door to the Arab world - info) (Middle East Studies Internet Resources) (Middle East Institute) (Journal of Arabic & Islamic Studies) (The Middle East and Islamic Studies Collection

                                                        - Bibliographic Resources, Countries & Entities, Religions,

                                                        Laws & Justice Systems, Languages, Women & Gender Issues,

                                                        Organizations & Groups, Universities & Research, Computing & Internet) (Global Connections: Middle Eastern history since 1900) (Photograph Archive: Middle East in the past) (University of Chicago Library Middle East Department:

                                                        The Middle East Documentation Center (MEDOC) & Links and Resources) (Arabic Culture Page: Calligraphy, Poetry, Paintings and Photos) (reporter related to the Independent Newspaper UK) (Saudi Aramco World - articles) ("Arab News" - Saudi Arabian Daily) (The Middle East Forum Promoting US Interests: propaganda) (MidEast Truth - Israeli perspective on the Middle East Conflict) (Debka File - Middle East Analysis from Israeli perspective; often strongly biased,

                                mixes wild speculation with legitimate information and good analysis) (Arab German Consulting: Information & Links to Arab Countries and Germany) (on Arab countries and Islam, in Polish) ("Bliski Wschód" - Czasopismo, Warszawa:

                                "Near East" Journal, Warsaw, in Polish) (The Muslim Religious Association in the Republic of Poland - in Polish) (about Islam in Poland - in Polish) (Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Palestinian perspective - in Polish) ( - Middle East Latest News - in Polish) (Planeta Islam: Koran, Sunnah & Salaf-us-Saleh - in Polish) (Arabic Slice: Arabic recipes and cuisine)


Kurds: (Kurdish Aspect - Kurdish News and Point of View) (Kurdish Media United Kurdish voice) (Kurdish News) (Kurdish Information Network) (Kurdish Library online) (Collective Memory: Images, recollections,

                                                            testimony to the history of the Kurds) (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan) (Kurdistan Democratic Party)


Turkey: (Turkey - news) (The New Anatolian - Turkish Daily in English / independent, progressive) (Today’s Zaman - Turkish Daily in English / conservative) (political issues) (information service) (Turkish Weekly - information service) (Wall Street Journal Turkey) (Turkish Media - links to sport TV, radio etc.) (information service) (Hurriyet Newspaper) (Milliyet Newspaper) (Turkish TV and radio) (Turkish Television) (Turkish Television) (Turkish Television) (Info about Turkish republic and Presidency) (Customs info) (global connections) (Turkish Culture) (All About Turkey - tourism) (Ministry of Culture) (Turkish history, the weather, directory,

                                    discussion forum, dictionary online) (Turkish cinema) (Anatolian University - Anadolu Üniversitesi) (The Turkish Studies Association) (Distance Turkish Learning Center) (Turkish Language Class - free online Turkish language resource) (The Turkish Suffix Dictionary) (Learning Turkish online) (Turkic Studies Series - published by Department of Turkic, Mongolian and Korean Studies,

                                Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznañ, Poland)



Syria / Lebanon: (News from Lebanon and the region) (News on Syria, Lebanon, Palestine etc.) (iLoubnan - news from Lebanon) (Lebanon, Middle East news) (Lebanon, Middle East news) (Lebanon news) (the Lebanese bloggers) (American University in Lebanon) (Syria, official) (Syria Tourism, official) (Syria Daily News) (Syria News) (Hezbollah / Islamic Resistance, Lebanon - Hezbollah official site) (Hezbollah TV - presently blocked) (Al-Manar - Hezbollah's television station) (Lebanese Army Website) (Free Syria - independent news on Syria, opposition website - discontinued)


Israel / Judaism: (Mossawa Center - The Advocacy Center for Arab Citizens in Israel) (Israel as the state of apartheid - Discriminatory Laws in Israel Database / The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel) (Haaretz Daily) (Jerusalem Post) (The Times of Israel) (Yedioth Ahronoth - largest newspaper in Israel) (Israel Today - daily), (Arutz Sheva: Israel National News) (Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies, Israel) (United Jerusalem Foundation, fundamentalist) (Central Bureau of Statistics) (Hagshama - Department of the World Zionist Organisation) (Middle East Peace project) (independent Israeli human rights) (Gisha: Center for the Legal Protection of

                                    Freedom of Movement, an Israeli not-for-profit organization) (Government of Israel) (guide to Israeli internet) (Israeli Ministry of Tourism) (Prime Minister’s Office) (Jerusalem Media and Communication) (Jewish news) (Jewish/Israeli links) (Judaism: religion and spirituality) (Jewish Virtual Library) (The Centre for Cultural Judaism) (private online encyclopedia of Judaism) (Reform Judaism) (Jewish culture) (conversion to Judaism) (University of Haifa) (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) (Jewish Community Relations Council) (Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories) (Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center,

                                                                Center for Special Studies, Tel Aviv) (Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Tel Aviv University) (Campaign to free Vanunu and for a Nuclear Free Middle East) (Jewish Virtual Library, American-Israeli Cooperative) (SHINUI is “a democratic, secular, Liberal, Zionist, peace-seeking party”) (Israel Prison Service) (Mosad - Israel Secret Intelligence Service; here you can fill in an application...) (Simon Wiesenthal Center) (Conversion to Judaism) (Orthodox Union) (The United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism) (Women’s League for Conservative Judaism) (Union for Reform Judaism) (Women for Reform Judaism) (on the Torah and law) (Jewish Fundamentals) (on the Torah) (Talmud Torah - Center for Basic Jewish education) (Being Jewish - on Jewish culture and identity) (Jewish Virtual Library) (Judaism and Jewish Resources)  (Modest Clothing for Woman) (Modest Clothing for Woman) (Modest Clothing for Woman) (Elegant Shabbos Robes) (America's Jewish Book & Gift Store) (Live Radio from Israel) (Jewish Community in Warsaw - in Polish) (Forum ¯ydów Polskich / Jewish Community - in Polish) (Portal Spo³ecznoœci ¯ydowskiej / Jewish Community:

                                    Yeshiva programme  in Polish) (Wspólnota Mesjañska =

                                    = Biblijna Resztka Izraela - in Polish) (Beit Warszawa Jewish Cultural Association - in Polish and English) (Centrum im. Mojzesza Schorra w Warszawie - in Polish) (Wydawnictwo Pardes - in Polish) (Jewish Historical Institute - in Polish, English, German) (Miesiecznik Midrasz - in Polish) (general info - in Polish) (Union of Jewish Religious Communities in Poland - in Polish & English) (Judaism - general info - in Polish & English) (The 614th Commandment Society - in Polish & English) (Yesh Din - Israeli human rights group: Volunteers for human rights) (The Israel Land Administration (ILA) - in charge of 93% of the land in Israel, which is in the public domain)



Jewish / Israeli Foundations: (Jewish Founders Network) (The Internet Directory of

                            Israeli Nonprofit and Philanthropic Organizations) (New Israeli Found) (Wolf Foundation) (Jewish & Community Research) (Jewish Community Foundation) (Foundation for Middle East Peace) (National Peace Foundation) (See Yourself) (Shalom - American-Polish-Israeli Foundation) (Learn Hebrew)


Palestine: (Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem) (PASSIA: Palestinian Academic Society

                                for the study of International Affairs - recommended) (The Electronic Intifada - news on Palestina) (Palestine Media Center) (Palestine Chronicle - Comments and News from Palestine) (Gaza - e-map / tourist map of Gaza Strip) (Journal of Palestine Studies - mainly for subscribers) (Proposal for border Agreement) (The Jerusalem Times) (Jenin, Palestine – Reports) (Al-Quds University in Jerusalem) [now blocked] (Bir Zeit University) (links to Palestinian official websites) (on the Deir Yassin massacre) (Cultural Centre of Palestine) (latest history, facts of occupation),, (Hamas, presently blocked) (Palestine Monitor: news) (Human Development, Information and Policy Institute, Palestine) (the United Nations Relief and Works Agency

                            for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)) (The West Bank Barrier) (United Nations Information System

                            on the Question of Palestine: Road Map, UN Resolutions etc.) (Middle East Quartet Statements) (HaMoked: Center for the Defence of the Individual;

                            an Israeli human rights organization with main objective to assist Palestinians of the Occupied Territories

                            whose rights are violated due to Israel's policies) (Hamas on Youtube - video news from Palestine)!OpenPage ( United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine) (The Home of Ethnically Cleansed & Occupied Palestinians -

                                on Palestine and the ethnic cleansing in Palestine) (Electronic Intifada - news, commentary, analysis, and reference materials

                                                about the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict from a Palestinian perspective; oppositional group)


Israel / Palestine: (Gush Shalom – Israel Peace Block) ( (Israeli Peace Organisation) (The Alternative Information Centre)


Yemen: (Yemen Times)


Africa (general information & culture): (African news and analysis, humanitarian aid) (news, humanitarian aid) (news: Global Africa Newtwork) (Page on African history, geography, culture) (The Center for African Studies at the University of Florida) (African Studies Quarterly) (Vues d'Afrique - African culture website) (African cultures website) (African studies / Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley) (The Africa guide) (Vues d'Afrique - African culture website) (Arts and Culture in Africa) (National Museum of African Art) (ethnomusicologist Mauro Campagnoli Website - Baka Pygmies:

                                        Culture, music and rites of initiation in the Central African rainforest) (information on African culture, tourism etc.) (The Center for African Studies at the University of Florida) (Arfican Studies, Columbia University Library -

                                        - resources on African history and culture, databases, journals) (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

                                        (UNESCO), information on museums, exhibition, cultural life, links) (Centre Aequatoria - Centre de Recherches Culturelles Africanistes:

                                        research center, library, and collection of archives) (African Studies Quarterly) (African cultures website) (Arts and Culture in Africa) (African studies / Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley) (Languages spoken in countries with bantu culture, bilingual dictionary) (on Bushmen culture, language,

                                            rituals and beliefs, also about contemporary art) (Bushmen rock art) (Basic information on African countries in Polish) (general information on African countries: history, political maps, culture) (Southern African Development Community, SADC)


African cinematography: (Clap Noir - African cinematography) (Association des Trois Mondes: Africa, Latin America and Asia film data base) (Approaches to African Cinema Study) (African Cinema In The Nineties) (ArtMattan Productions: African Films) (Africa film & TV) (Sithengi - The Southern African

                            International Film & Television Market Initiative, Cape Town) (Dv8 Films & low budget films) (Check out the showtimes in Africa) (Africamovies - African entertainment) (Africvideos) (African films and entertainment online,

                                    Nigerian movies and Nigerian films)


Maghreb / Morocco : (weekly analysis on economics, politics etc.) (The Moroccan Virtual Magazine, links) (Morocco Guide) (general information on Morocco) (general info) (general info, travels) (general info, travels) (l'associacion Maghreb Culture) (annual Gnaoua music festival in Essaouria) (sacred music festival in Fes)


Sub-Saharan Africa (in general): (USAID / Sub-Saharan Africa) (Human Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa),,menuPK:258649~pagePK:158889~piPK:146815~theSitePK:258644,00.html

                                                    (The World Bank - reports and analyses from Africa) (Africa south of the Sahara -

                                                    Leland Stanford Junior University) (HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa) (HIV & AIDS in Africa) (International Finance Corporation for Sub-Saharan Africa) (Association for Development of Education in Africa) (Foundation for Hospices in Sur-Saharan Africa) (African Union) (African languages)


Sub-Saharan Africa by countries:

Angola (news from Angola) (main site of the Republic of Angola)

Benin (government of Benin)

Botswana (The government of Botswana web site) (The Botswana Gazette - newspaper of Botswana)

Burkina Faso (Government of BF - official site of the Prime Minister)

Burundi (news from Burundi)

Cameroon (news from Cameroon) (news from Cameroon)

Comoros Islands (The Comorian Newspapers;

                                Comoros Islands Encyclopedia)

Congo (Congo: general info) (Congo: history, culture, art, every days life etc.)

Eritrea (Eritrean News and Mailing List)

Ethiopia (News, forum) (news, business & technology, athletics, arts, travel) (Ethiopian History, Culturem Tradition) (Ethiopian Related News and Information)

Gabon (news) (Gabon National Parks)

Gambia (department of state for trade industry & employment) (history, economy, hostels&camps, travel, shopping etc.)

Ghana (general information) (Official Website of the Republic of Ghana) (news)

Guinea (Official site of Republic of Guinea - in French) (forum of Guinea - in French & English) (news - in French)

Guinea Bissau (news)

Kenya (history, government, tourism, emergency, education) (travels, safari, nature, culture, heritage) (Kenya Wildlife Service) (official site of Republic of Kenya) (news) (general information on Kenya - in Polish)


Lesotho (The Lesotho Government on-line)

Liberia (general info) (news)

Madagascar (news)

Malawi (news) (news) (Government site)

Mali (history, geography, culture)

Mauritania (site of Islamic Republic of Mauritania)


Mozambique (news)

Namibia (business & industry nature, government, foreign relations, news) (news)

Niger (news, arts&culture, forum, sport)

Nigeria (general info, news) (news) (Official site of Federal Republic of Nigeria) (arts, literature, videos, languages, agriculture, cities,

                            culture, traditions, government, history) (radio)

Rwanda (Rwanda Information Exchange: news, sport, geography, who's who in Rwanda) (Rwanda links)

Senegal (Official site of government of Senegal - in French) (culture, travel, people, business, music, village) (news)

Sierra Leone (archives, photos, links, law, culture) (news) (event calendar, massage boards, news, photos)

Somalia (news) (info about country, religion, photos) (Mogadishu: Images from the Past)

South Africa (South Africa Government Online) (general info, news, links) (South Africa Statistics) (general info about South Africa, citizens)

South Sudan (Sudan Tribune - news from Sudan; news, civil society, human rights, culturem health, environment, politics) (News from South Sudan) (Juba in the Making - Blog - a blog about South Sudan)

Sudan (news, civil society, human rights, culture, health, environment, politics)

Swaziland (news) (news, culture, local resources)

Tanzania (official online gateway of the United Republic of Tanzania) (administration, agriculture, statistics, education, water,

                                    health, lands, economy, natural resources, human resources, history, politics)

Togo (politics, economy, society,

                                    African Union, sport, media, education, culture)

Uganda (general info, photos, personalities, news) (news) (Parliament of the Republic of Uganda)

Zambia (The National Homepage of Zambia - politics, forum radio, news) (news) (politics, society, gender, culture, health, art, tourism, science)

Zimbabwe (news)









General resources:, (The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) (mirror of Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) (mirror of Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) (mirror of Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) (history of philosophy "without any gaps" - a video series on the ideas, lives and historical context of the major philosophers as well as the lesser-known figures of the tradition) (e-texts, e-books on philosophy: philosophical library) (e-books "pagan" library) (e-text library) (e-text library: Electronic Text Centre in various languages) (e-text library) (e-texts: The Galilean Library: essays on philosophy,

                                        history and philosophy of science etc.) (Ethical Theory, Resources, Applied Ethics, Multiculturalism and Philosophy) (A Resource Guide for Philosophers by Raul Corazzon) (Citizenship, Democracy and Ethnocultural Diversity Newsletter,

Multiculturalism and Philosophy) (World Values Survey website; values and cultural changes

                                        in societies all over the world) (When Is - Dates of Religious and Civil Holidays Around the World / Religious calendar) (Dale's Philosophy of Religion Links: links to

                                        philosophers and philosophy of religion, professional organizations, religions,

                                        journals and general philosophy) (Stanford: Philosophy of Religion -

                                        - links to on-line papers and books, journals and societies etc.) (Философия в России; philosophy in Russia) (Powszechna Encyklopedia Filozofii - Encyclopaedia of Philosophy - in Polish) (Kluwer Online) (links and resources) (Helmuth von Glasenapp - Stiftung: Indological publications) (Indologica - Indological blogg in German, review of Indological publications), (“World Hongming Philosophical Quarterly”

                                                                        – China: Buddhism, Daojia-Daoism and Confucianism) (Eastern Religion & Philosophy) (Internet Sacred Texts Archive) (a Christian webpage on religious belief) (World Scriptures) (Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies) (The Internet Classics Archive) (resources & news on religions, esp. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism etc.) (Forum 18: legal issues, freedom of belief) (religion and spirituality, worldviews, atheism) (Internetowa Lista Ateistów i Agnostyków -

                                            - Internet List of Atheists and Agnostics in Poland) (Ontology. A Resource Guide for Philosophers - Raul Corazzon’s site)


See also  Greek literature and resources, including philosophy


Buddhism: (Buddhist Dictionary:

                                                Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, by Nyanatiloka Mahathera) (Small Pali-English Glossary of Buddhist Terms

                                                by Bhikkhu Bodhi) (Dictionnaire des termes bouddhiques:

                                                Dictionary of Buddhist terms) (selected bibliography on Buddhism), (Digital Library & Museum of Buddhist Studies) (Zentrum für Buddhismuskunde

                                                der Universität Hamburg, Vortragsreihe: Buddhismus in Geschichte und Gegenwart -

                                                - Lecture Series: Buddhism in Past and Present) (Buddha Sasana: literature, essays, e-books and resources on Buddhism,

                                                including essays on Buddhist Meditation - in English and Vietnamese) ((Buddha Dharma Education Associacion, resources, texts, history etc.) (Zen, Buddhism) (The Berzin Archives -  resources on Buddhism) (Tipitaka, the German translation of the Pali Canon

                                                of the Theravada Buddhism, some more resources in English) (Open Pali - Tipitaka Studies Reference) (Tipitaka - The Pali Canon in English translation, with sutta index and with search engine) (Pali Tipitaka - The Pali Canon in Pali with search engine) (Tipitaka - The Pali Canon - in Pali and in English translation) (Open Pali - Tripitaka Study Reference, The Pali Canon The Pali Canon Index) recommended (Tipitaka in Pali and English translation) recommended, (Chattha Sangayana Tipitaka, Pali canon - searcheable tool) ("The Majjhima Nikaya" - translated by Sister Upalavanna) ("Dhammapada Stories", translated by Daw Mya Tin) ("The Mahavamsa" - translated by Wilhelm Geiger) (Pure Land Buddhism, Virtual Library) (Pali Canon Online Database) (Pali Tipitaka / Pali Canon) (Buddhist literature, Pali Canon) (Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library) (resources on Buddhism) (Theravada Buddhism website, Buddhism in Myanmar/Burma) (Readings in Theravada Buddhism) (popular texts and sermons) (Materials for Indology and Buddhology) (Yogacara Discussion Network; Indian philosophy) (A digest of public information on Indian tantric Buddhism,

                                                    with emphasis on Nepal and Southeast Asia) (Young Men’s Buddhist Association of America: translations of Buddhist sutras etc.) ("The Mind in Early Buddhism" - by Bhikkhu Thich Minh Thanh,

                                                    New Delhi, 2001 - on citta (consciousness) in Buddhism) (Dignaga’s Pramana-samuccaya, Chapter 1) (Hetu-cakra-damaru or Dignaga's Wheel of Reasons) (Early Buddhist Manuscripts Project) (Buddhist Manuscripts from Central Asia: The St. Petersburg Sanskrit Fragments) (The International Dunhuang Project) (the Lankavatara Sutra research page - scanned books and texts) ("Philosophy of Vasubandhu in

                                        Vimsatika and Trimsika" By Surendra Nath Das Gupta) (some Buddhist & Sanskrit texts to download) ("Buddhanusmrti:

                                        A Glossary of Buddhist Terms) (A Buddhist Library) (a collection of information on Buddhism, texts, history etc.) (Buddhist News) ( The Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT)) (The Journal of Global Buddhism) (Sylvain Lévi (ed.): Mahayana-sutralamkara - PDF scan) (Buddhism Portal E-Sangha - popular) (Sukhavati-vyuha) (e-texts on Tibet and Buddhism)

                                                    (links to Buddhist texts) (Abhisamacarika-Dharma of the Mahasamghika-Lokottaravadins,

                                    Tibetan text (sde dge edition) of Sravakabhumi, Vinayasutra of Mula-sarvastivada) (Linarthajalasamgrahah - some translations and editions of Buddhist classics) (International Dunhuang Project - British Library) (Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon) (Translating the Words of the Buddha - a project to translate into English Buddhist texts, particularly the Tibetan Kangyur and Tengyur) (SuttaCentral - Early Buddhist texts, translations, and parallels) (Journals with Buddhist Studies material (Indica et Buddhica)) (The Thesaurus Literaturae Buddhicae (TLB) - a multilingual presentation of Buddhist literature sentence by sentence in Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, English, etc.) (Sanskrit Buddhist Texts) (Mahayanasutralamkara - edition in Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, and French) (some Buddhist texts in PDF, e.g. Pali canon, Jatakas) (Pali Tipitaka on CD - Chattha Sangayana Tipitaka) (Mahavyutpatti)


Jainism: (Jain Data Base) (information on Jainism - recommended) (Jains, Jainism & Jain places of Pilgrimage,

                                        esp. in Gujarat and Rajasthan - recommended) (Jain Tirth Places -

                                        map and description) (Jain Tirth Telephone Directory -

                            - telephone numbers to Jaina temples and religous places all over India) (International Journal of Jaina Studies (IJJS)) (The Jain Study Circular) (Yashwant Malaiya’s site) (Library of Original Jain Literature and

                                        Jain Logic with translations into modern languages) (Library of Original Jain Literature) (Jainworld) (Jaina texts) (JainNet) (VRJains) (Jainism Homepage) (Catalogue of Internet Resources: Jainism) (Jain Spirit Journal) (Jain Calendar) (Jain Calendar) (Jaina Canonical Texts) (an online journal: "Here Now for you": Jainism, Hinduism etc. in English and German) ("Jain alliance" run by Jaina community in UK - basic information and literature

                                                        on Jainism, Jaina Associations, Jaina Sects, Forum etc.) (Jain Manuscripts Grantha Bhandaras of Prakrit Language in India) (Jaina E-Library Website - E-Books Scanning Project) (Anekant Education Foundation - propagation of Jainism to children and adults) (Jainism: Hira-Publications: articles by devout Jains, forum of opinions) (Jain Data Base - information resource on Jainism) (Jain Texts in translation) (Atmadharma Magazine) (Jainism and Jain resource center) (Jainism Literature Center) (Jain Society - news and community) (Jain Tirth: information on Jain statues, images and temples, history of Jain art) (Jain Center of Northern California) (Young Jains of America) (Terapanth Online - information on one of Jain sects) (Jain Meditation - Chitrabhanuji’s site) (Jain University online - information on Jainism) (Vegetarian Pages)$Punyavijayji_Jambuvijayji

                  (Jain Ägam Granth Mälä Series of Late Muni Shri Punya Vijayji and Shri Jambu Vijayji) (Jaina Digambara Site; articles on Digambaras, Jaina Tirthankaras, Sadhus, Festivals etc.) (Jain Journal) (Jainism Links) (Jaina Manuscripts: National Institute of Prakrit Studies & Research) (Acharya Shri Kailassagarsuri Gyanmandir, excellent collection of manuscripts in Prakrits and Sanskrit, mostly Jaina texts but not only) (L.D. Institute of Indology, Ahmedabad, India - Institute for Jaina studies) (Jain Manuscritps Grantha Bhandaras of Prakrit Language in India) (Early Jains Vestiges inTamil Nadu

                                by Dr.A. Ekambaranathan,Dept.of Ancient History & Archaelogy, University of Madras) (Shravanabelagola - a Jaina pilgrimage site) (Jain Teerth Kshetras worldwide - Jaina pilgrimage sites) (Digambar Jain Religious and spiritual path & Practices) (Padmanabh S. Jaini:

                            "Gender and Salvation. Jaina Debates on the Spiritual Liberation of Women") (Digambara Jain scriptures) (Digambara Jain scriptures) (Digambara Jain scriptures) (Jain Studies Journal) (Jain Tirth Yatra - routes for Jaina pilgrims) (Jaina library - e-texts on Jainism in Sanskrit, English, Gujarati, Hindi etc.; Jaina canon etc. - recommended!) (Jaina library - e-texts in Devanagari - recommended!) (Young Jains Organisation)$z_elib_files.pdf (Catalogue of All Files (Books, Articles, Audios etc) in eLibrary) (Digambar Jain Online) (International Digamber Jain Organization, a USA based non-profit organization) (International Digamber Jain Organization - Digambaras - downloadable books on Jainism and Jaina manuscripts) (Jaina texts online - Digambara texts) (Jaina Studies at Ghent University, Belgium), (Jain Heritage Centres)


Sikhism: (Sikhism, Sikh history) (News and Analysis) (Daljeet Singh: Essentials of Sikhism) (Encyclomedia of the Sikhs)


Islam: (news) (Muslim Media Network) (links, general info) (Islam - Question and Answer) (Mission Islam - information and resources for the Muslim community) (Journal: The Muslim World) (The Islamic Bulletin - books, articles, guides, recitations,

                                            audio & video, translations, resources, practical information etc.) (Islamic holidays - calendar) (Islam, Qur’an And Al-Qiyamah / the Day of Judgment) (Naqshabandi Sufism) (an Online Islamic Academy) (Muslim World Journal of Human Rights) (Islam & Human Rights Fellowship Program)

                                        (Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam)

                                        (Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam) (Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights) (Al-Hewar Center: The Center for Arab Culture and Dialogue) (Islam Research Directory:

                                addresses and info of scholars, experts, institutions, libraries, periodicals etc.) (Islamic Philosophy Online) (Dictionary of Islamic Philosophy) (ibn Khaldun: The Muqaddimah, Translated by Franz Rosenthal) (Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms) (The Journal of Islamic philosophy) ("Transcendent Philosophy" -

                                         An International Journal for Comparative Philosophy and Mysticism,

                                         with special emphasis on Islamic philosophy) ("Muhammadanism" - info on Islam) (the Encyclopaedia of Islam, registration needed) (Encyclopaedia Iranica: Afghanistan, Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Central Asia,

                                        Ethnic Groups, Flora and Fauna, Folklore, Geography, History, Linguistics,

                                        Literature, Religion, Science, Social Sciences, Material Culture) (Islamic Law: An introduction to the Shari`ah and Fiqh,

                                        (1) "Fiqh-us-Sunnah" by Sayyid Saabiq [A handbook of Islamic law and rules],

                                        (2) "Source Methodology in Islamic Jurisprudence (Usul Al-Fiqh Al-Islami)"

                                        by Taha Jabir Al'Alwan (Living Islam - Islamic Tradition: Quran, Hadith etc.,

                                        resources, important Islamic Texts In pdf) (Islam and Tolerance in Wider Europe - a publication by

                                            International Policy Fellowships Program, Open Society Institute – Budapest ) (Compendium of Muslim Texts - recommended) (Qur'an Database) (Hadith Database) (text of the Quran in various languages, including recitation) (Glossary of Islamic Terms and Concepts) (Islamic Questions & Answers Online with Mufti Ebrahim Desai) (Al-Mustafa Cultural & Educational Centre) (Hazrat Nizamudin Shamzayi's Binoria Town Madrassa, Karachi) (Darul-Uloom Deoband India - madrassa in Deoband) (The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam - Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-e-Islam Lahore) (The Institute of Ismaili Studies, realated to the Aga Khan) (The Muslim Woman - blogg on the status of "Muslim women",

                                    their hopes, aspirations, traumas and sufferings behind the veil) (IslamiCity - Info on Islam, Hajj Info Center, Pillars of Islam, Islamic History,

                                    Prayer Times, Mosque Locator, Islamic Glossary, Quran Search /

                                    Recitation / Memorizer / Downloader) (The Gallup Coexist Index 2009 -

                                - Attitudes of Muslim in the West - statistics), (Pulpit of Monotheism and Jihad - Minbar of Tawhed and Jihad - Salafist website; al-Qaeda related) (Islamic Media Observatory - Salafist website; al-Qaeda related) (Organization for Islamic Learning - the site of Abdulaziz Sachedina - a progressive approach to Islam and Islamic Jurisprudence) (The Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community) (Robert Wisnovski, Post-classical Islamic Philosophy Database Initiative)



 Bahá'í Faith (Bahaism): (Bahá'í Library Online: The Bahá'í Writings and other texts)


Museums with Oriental art collections, Architecture, Art: (Digital library of architecture - recommended) (Metropolitan Museum in New York) (State Museums in Berlin) (Museum With No Frontiers: Discover Islamic Art) (The on-line journal for the study and exhibition of the arts of Asia) (Polskie Stowarzyszenie Sztuki Orientu - The Polish Society of Oriental Art) (list of Asian Art galleries; The on-line journal for the study and exhibition of the arts of Asia) (Scholars Resource - high quality digital image collections for the teaching of art history and related disciplines) (Europeana Think Culture - Digital Library of paintings, music, films and books

                                        from Europe's galleries, libraries, archives and museums) (Virtual Collection of Masterpieces) (repository of Museums in India)



Time, calendar, holidays: (Annotated Calendar of Religious Holy Days)







Cheap flights: (cheap airline tickets) (Skyscanner - Flight Search) (flights from Poland) (flights from Poland) (flights from Poland - search engine, good, but they charge extra for booking) (flights from Poland) (flights from Poland) (Cheap flights from Poland) (Nowergian airlines) (Air Europa) (Warsaw Airport "Okêcie", timetable) (Ryan Air) (cheap flights, air tickets), (L'Tur last minute) (Sky Europe) (Air Berlin) (Central Wings) (German Wings) (cheap flights finder) (Cheap flights in India) (Cheap flights in India) (flights in Europe, Spain) (Safi Airways - quite reliable flights to Afghanistan) (track the flight / Track Flight Status, Airport Delays and other Flight and Airport Information)

Travel hints: (Couch Surfing Project - accomodation and contacts for travellers) (The Hospitality Club - accomodation and contacts for travellers) (vaccination before travel) (accommodation in London) (map: calculate distances in Poland) (map: calculate distances in Europe)

                                           (Karten und Routenplaner; maps & route planner) (maps of European cities) (Globtroter - guidebooks online in Polish)


Currency converters / exchange rates: (Currency Converter) (Indian Rupees) (Convert currencies: Indian Rupees)


Weather: (world weather reports) (world weather reports) (world weather reports) (Weather in Germany) (Weather in Poland)







Internet and software: (surfing anynomously) (spam filter) (security: antispyware) (ZoneAlarm: free firewall) (Protection of Privacy on the Internet; Anonymity Online), (Apache Tomcat) (Apache Software Foundation) (Ghostscript und Ghostview, Programme für das Betrachten

                                   und Konvertieren von Postscriptfiles (in PDF und andere Formate)) (Classical Text Editor - The word-processor for

                                                critical editions, commentaries and electronic publishing) (CCC = The Chaos Computer Club - a global community for

                                                     the freedom of information and communication

                                                     without any censorship / a communication platform for Hackers -                                                

                                                    - in English and German) ("Program Bibliotekarz" program do katalogowania

                                                    ma³ych ksiêgozbiorów / bibliotek domowych - a useful "Librarian"

                                                    Programme to catalogue home libraries)


Domain registration in Poland: (domain registration)







Timetables in Poland: (Timetable of Warsaw busses, trams and metro) (Timetable of Polish Railways PKP) (Timetable of Railways and Busses in Poland)


Information on Hamburg: (Hamburg, Fahrplan) (metro and train transport in Hamburg) (city map) (Hamburg: links) (General info on Hamburg) ("Zweitausendeins" - CDs, books etc.)


Information on London: (London: Royal Opera House - Convent Garden) (London: Barbican) (London: English National Opera) (London: Wigmore Hall) (London: Cadogan Hall)


Information on Warsaw: (Lokalizator internetowy: find a place on your city map in Poland) (city map of Warsaw, includes public communication) (city map of Warsaw) (city map of Warsaw) (city map of Warsaw) (maps of cities in Poland, including Warsaw) (information on Warsaw, address book, map)


Varia: (What’s on in London) (Generalny Inspektor Ochrony Danych Osobowych) (Mazowiecki Urz¹d Wojewódzki) (Mazowiecki Urz¹d Wojewódzki:

                                    zaproszenia dla cudzoziemców) (hospitals and medical health care in Poland) (Proof reading:

                                znaki korektorskie / korekta autorska - in Polish) (Proof reading: znaki korektorskie / korekta autorska;

                                norma: PN-72/P-55036

                                "Znaki korektorskie i wykonywanie korekty drukarskiej" - in Polish) (Projekt "Wolne Podrêczniki" ksi¹¿ki pisane przez samych nauczycieli) (surnames and coats of arms) (send / transfer large files) (shortens long links) (ranking of top universities)


Opera, Music: (Staatsoper Berlin) (Deutsche Oper Berlin) (Hamburgische Staatsoper / Hamburg Opera House) (Hamburger Musikhalle - Philharmonic Hall) (the world of opera, reviews etc.) (opera - synopses) (information on composers and operas) (OPER / OPERA Inhaltsangaben in deutscher Sprache) (ATLAS of Plucked Instruments -

                                    - an encyclopedia of all the world's plucked instruments, including Asia and Africa)


Films data base and cinematography: (Earth's biggest Image Data Base) (Motion Picture Association; includes U.S. Theatrical Market Statistics) (list of international film organisations) (list of international audiovisual industry organizations)


Photography: (photographic tests, reviews) (Photography Review - reviews and tests) (Nikon User Reviews)

                                    (Nikon Cameras and Lens Compatibility) (photographic tests, reviews) (review of Nikon F5, my camera)


Spanish links: (el periodico El País) (el periodico Las Provincias) (sobre  las Fallas de Valencia) (enciclopedia en español, estructurada por temas;

                                   se puede buscar por título o por texto; es necesario registrarse) (Diccionarios de Español) (Obras de Referencia Electrónicas:

                                    Biblioteca de la Universidad de Zaragoza - bueno) (Meta Recursos: Instrumentos Para

                                    el Control Terminológico - Glosario Enciclopédicos - en Español) (Enciclopedias y Diccionarios:

                                    varias paginas de Tesauros, Obras de Referencia etc. - en gallego y español) (Literatura en español: autores elejidos en Español y otros idiomas)


Cooking, cookbooks, cuisine: (Vegetarian Pages) (Online cookbook, useful recipes) (Online cookbook, useful recipes) (Online cookbook, useful recipes from Asia) (Arabian Online cookbook: useful recipes)


Mental health resources: (Uncyclopedia) ("Sok z Buraka" - in Polish) ("ASZ Dziennik" - in Polish),0.html ("Faktoid" - in Polish) (Nonsensopedia - Polish version) ("Nowy Pompon. Bóg - Ojczyzna - Honorarium" - in Polish) (Ridiculopathy Daily) (The Onion) (Khabaristan News) (Happy Tree Friends: children should not watch), (Ali G & Borat)







home page

education for peace

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 last updated on 12.12.2016